monoglyceride


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mon·o·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(mon'ō-ās'il-glis'ĕr-ol),
Glycerol with an acyl moiety esterified to position 1 (that is, 1-monoacylglycerol) or position 2 (that is, 2-monoacylglycerol); an intermediate in the degradation and synthesis of lipids; 2-monoacylglycerols are a major end product of triacylglycerol degradation.
Synonym(s): monoglyceride

monoglyceride

a compound consisting of one molecule of fatty acid esterified to glycerol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human milk contains a lipase enzyme that produces free fatty acids and monoglycerides from the milk fat when the milk is allowed to stand.
In the literature, generally, "acrylic modified alkyd resins" have also been synthesized by using the monoglyceride method [13, 43, 58].
Kuhrt, NH, Welch, EA, "Method of Obtaining Concentrated Monoglycerides.
Pancreatic lipase acts to cleave two of the three fatty acids on a triglyceride, leaving absorbable fatty acids and monoglyceride.
It has been found that monoglyceride increases the stability and decreases the emulsion stability index (ESI) and also decreases the viscosity changes with storage time while electrolytes and mango's pulp encourage the coalescence process and enhance the instability of the system.
3% brown rice flour and the emulsifiers' monoglyceride and diglyceride to formulation of flour based gluten free bread can improve its quality [3].
Standard Test Method for Determintion of Total Monoglyceride, Total Diglyceride, Total Triglyceride, and Free and Glycerin by Gas Cromatograpy.
1) The reaction mechanism for synthesizing an alkyd resin via the monoglyceride process is given in Figure 1.
The inhibition of growth by the monoglyceride was recorded.
3) When triglycerides are consumed, the fatty acids in the sn-1 and sn-3 positions are freed by digestive enzymes, leaving the fatty acid in the sn-2 position as a monoglyceride (where each can be absorbed in the small intestines).
The tri- and diglycerides are readily hydrolyzed by general lipases and the monoglycerides less so; newer assays may add a specific monoglyceride lipase to achieve complete hydrolysis.