Some artificial hybrids obtained by pollinating females of dioecious lines with pollen from monoecious
plants are predominantly female (so-called "all-female," these generally also produce some hermaphrodites and occasional males).
It is worth mentioning that biotype of hydrilla may be know by the growth of stem, in this connection  was stated, that the shoot growth of monoecious
is generally spread at the sediment surface with numerous root crowns and high shoot densities Once lateral spread slows, shoots grow upward toward the water surface, forming dense canopies.
Reproductive biology of the monoecious
understory palm Prestoea schultzeana in Amazonian Ecuador.
from the end of Mar, this new species seems to be monoecious
holocyclic on Corydalis spp.
exilis have evolved independently from monoecious
Herbs, shrubs, subshrubs, vines, or trees; monoecious
, dioecious, or gynodioecious.
Florets isomorphic in dioecious and gynodioecious plants, or dimorphic in monoecious
plants; marginal florets female or neuter, with or without staminodes, corolla bilabiate, outer lip expanded or not, inner lip developed to absent, sub-bilabiate (3+1 corolla lips), or true ray; central florets bisexual or male, corolla bilabiate to tubular-bilabiate; female capitula with all florets female, bilabiate; anther apical appendages acute, tails papillose; style bilobed to bifid, branches dorsally papillose.
total of 23 monoecious
or dioecious species with differential rewards in
monoica are monoecious
(Schindler, 1905; Cheeseman,
However, its clavate fruit form and sometimes monoecious
flowering habit suggest its placement near G monoica and G.
Its occurrence is restricted to genera of the monoecious
Even in the genera with mostly dioecious representatives in Western Australia, such as Allocasuarina, only one of the shrubby kwongan members is monoecious