However, Tocqueville offers additional insights into how modern society tends toward monism
Since Plato, monism
fell in disrepute and was replaced by a tendency to place unity and plurality together; proclaiming unity in spite of diversity.
Therefore, aside from the fact that one finds a considerable variety of cosmological views among them, which would imply different shades of monism
, I deem it inappropriate to set those attempts or suggestions advanced by the Neo-Confucian philosophers (who never demanded that people should accept their cosmological insights by faith) against the Christian tenet, "I believe in one God, Creator of Heaven and Earth.
As such Reality, as outlined in Surjective Monism
, has 7 (seven) meta-differential ontic-epistemic levels.
The position is a radical monism
in that all dichotomies are eschewed.
This view about the relation of monism
and dualism to the question
Paradoxism may be seen as a kind of semantic tool, as the kind of "dualistic monism
" or "monistic dualism" or synthesis that "swallows-up" all dualistic polar opposites into itself, negates the exclusive validity of any one side of pair of opposites, including the pair dualism and monism
, and duality and non-duality--and thus "transcends" both.
One option is ontological dualism, but Engelhard worries that it collapses into categorical monism
and pursues instead an identity theory that develops the identity theories of C.
Aristotle pointed out that material monism
makes little sense philosophically, since changes of state require an efficient cause--for instance, the poet's mind, which can act as trash compactor or muck spreader or incinerator.
Amma creates her vision of spirituality by drawing on the universalistic monism
of Advaita Vedantic [Hindu] discourses and offering an expansive interpretation of Hinduism.
Focusing on Milton's major but unpublished theological treatise De Doctrina Christiana, and on A Treatise of Civil Power in Ecclesiastical Causes (1659), Donnelly distinguishes two kinds of monism
that inform his theory of toleration: ontological monism
and anthropological monism
Here, we need to know that the NRP model endorses three key claims: (a) ontological monism
, (b) the irreducibility of the mental to the physical, and (c) the supervenience of the mental on the physical.