mirror neuron


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mirror neuron

n.
A neuron found in the cerebral cortex that is active when one performs an action or when one witnesses another performing the same action, and whose function is thought to be involved in acquiring language and the ability to empathize.

mirror neuron

Any of a group of neurons that become active both when an animal moves in a certain way and when the animal observes others performing the same action. Learning by simulation or imitation is thought to be a function of the system of mirror neurons in the brain.
See also: neuron
References in periodicals archive ?
Functions of the Mirror Neuron System: Implications for Neurorehabilitation.
Mirror neuron research has encouraged the development of new motor rehabilitation approaches.
Using layman's terms, Rizzato and Donelli are able to break down mirror neurons into easy-to-understand language.
Because of this, evolutionary psychologists have tagged the possible appearance of mirror neurons as the pivotal moment in our development into modern humans.
The earliest action observations associated with mirror neurons may occur during late stage fetal development.
Mirror neurons were first discovered in the 1990's.
It is known that activities in the human mirror neuron system may be affected by how the receiver understands the intention of the action.
Next, they were given "resting state" MRIs which made it possible to analyze the strength of connections within the mirror neuron system in both the left and right hemispheres of their brains; specifically the inferior frontal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus and angular gyrus.
TOWARD SELF-EVALUATION OF YOUR/OUR THEORY OF MIND AND MIRROR NEURON CONNECTIONS
First we begin with an overview of the unconscious functions at work, day and night, in our physical, emotional, and mental life: resting-state networks, especially the default mode network; vagal nervous system and heart-rate variability; ultradian and circadian rhythms; reward and stress networks; and the mirror neuron network.
The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction.