mirror neuron


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mirror neuron

n.
A neuron found in the cerebral cortex that is active when one performs an action or when one witnesses another performing the same action, and whose function is thought to be involved in acquiring language and the ability to empathize.

mirror neuron

Any of a group of neurons that become active both when an animal moves in a certain way and when the animal observes others performing the same action. Learning by simulation or imitation is thought to be a function of the system of mirror neurons in the brain.
See also: neuron
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, among people with ASD, less mirror neuron activity was associated with greater social impairments.
Specialized brain cells called mirror neurons fire when we see familiar actions performed or emotions expressed.
Scientists have identified specialized brain cells called mirror neurons that may play a role in empathy, socializing and addiction.
Without such knowledge, having relationships with others is difficult or impossible, and mirror neurons are thought to mediate the development of a ToM.
The "Shared Manifold" Hypothesis: From Mirror Neurons to Empathy.
It had previously been theorized that the mirror neuron system provides a mechanism through which listeners feel the performer's emotion, making musical communication a form of empathy," said Large.
In addition to the gray matter abnormalities linked to the mirror neuron system, the results of this study revealed that the amount of gray matter in the left parietal area correlated with higher IQs in the control group, but not in the autistic children.
We were surprised to see the mirror neuron system activating in response to a computer.
Studies show that listening to music stimulates brain areas specialized for imitation and empathy that contain what researchers call mirror neurons.
So gaining a better understanding of the mirror neuron system might help devise strategies for treatment of this disorder," said Mukamel.
The history of mirror neuron research is short enough to be clearly described for the nonspecialist reader, and its future exciting enough to attract anyone interested in human interaction.
In humans and monkeys, the mirror neuron system (MNS) - a collection of neurons in various parts of the brain, including the premotor cortex and the primary motor cortex - fires both when you perform an action and when you watch someone else perform a similar action.