mineralocorticoids


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Related to mineralocorticoids: Glucocorticoids

mineralocorticoids

Hormones from the outer layer (cortex) of the adrenal gland that promote retention of sodium and excretion of potassium in the urine. ALDOSTERONE is the most powerful mineralocorticoid. Compare GLUCOCORTICOIDS.

mineralocorticoids

see ADRENAL CORTICAL HORMONES.

mineralocorticoids (min´əral´ōkôr´tikoidz),

n.pl (proinflammatory hormones), adrenal corticosteroids that are active in the retention of salt and in the maintenance of life of adrenalectomized animals. Typical are deoxycorticosterone and aldosterone. Aldosterone is a natural hormone for salt retention but also has some regulatory effect on carbohydrate metabolism.
References in periodicals archive ?
The decreased secretion of renin caused by the negative feedback due to increased mineralocorticoid levels is due to the increase in DOCA (1,2).
2+] is modestly effective, but drugs used to reduce renal electrolyte losses (amiloride, mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists) are poorly tolerated, as they often exacerbate hypotension through enhancing natriuresis.
She also had low cortisol (and its precursors 17[alpha]-hydroxyprogesterone and 11-deoxycortisol), low adrenal androgens (DHEA sulfate and androstenedione), high mineralocorticoids precursors (11-deoxycorticosterone and corticosterone), high ACTH, and chromosomal analysis revealed a normal male karyotype 46 XY.
The management of Addison's disease is focused mainly on the correction of hypovolaemia and electrolyte imbalances with adequate amounts of intravenous fluids, the correction of hypoglycaemia, long-term glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement and the management of underlying causes.
These hormones are generally not affected by Addison's disease, which affects only those secreted by the adrenal cortex: glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid hormones.
Despite optimized life-saving glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids replacement therapy, health-related quality of life in adrenal insufficiency is more severely impaired than previously thought12.
Since therapeutic steroids glucocorticoids are very similar chemically to mineralocorticoids, their use in large quantities may also lead to metabolic alkalosis.
Pregnenolone is the source of multiple hormones, including a class of hormones called mineralocorticoids.
Keywords: Cortisol, hormone, Adisson disease, mineralocorticoids, adrenal glands.
The outer layer (cortex) of each adrenal gland secretes a number of hormones, including glucocorticoids, which regulate the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates; and mineralocorticoids, which help maintain a proper balance of water, sodium and potassium in a cat's body.