mimivirus


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mimivirus

(mĭm′ĭ-vī′rəs)
n. pl. mimivi·ruses
Any of a genus of double-stranded DNA viruses that are the largest of all known viruses.

mimivirus

(mĭ′mĭ-vī″rŭs) [Fr. mimi(c) + ″]
A massive double-stranded DNA virus, first identified in an ameba in 2003, so large that it appears to be a bacterium when seen under light microscopy. It has been identified in some patients with pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Years later, the discovery of a few viruses resembling Mimivirus led researchers to believe that all giant viruses might belong to a single family.
Preliminary studies found Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus (APMV) genomes in samples of bovine serum from Germany (13,14), indicating that the analysis of samples from vertebrates could be a way to explore and understand the circulation of this group of viruses in nature.
Like Mimivirus, Megavirus has hair-like structures, or fibrils, on the exterior of its shell, or capsid, that probably attract unsuspecting amoebas looking to prey on bacteria displaying similar features.
5 per cent larger than the DNA code of the Mimivirus.
polyphaga mimivirus that was recognized in serum of patients infected by Francisella tularensis (8).
As Rachel Ehrenberg reports (Page 22), the Goliath of viruses, known as mimivirus, is bigger than many bacteria and has opened microbiologists' eyes to the pivotal roles that viruses play in the biosphere.
Previous studies have shown that unlike most viruses, the Mimivirus has more genes than many bacteria and performs functions that normally occur only in cellular organisms.
To the Editor: Mimivirus is a giant, double-stranded DNA virus.
After its discovery, analyses of DNA from ocean samples revealed an abundance of mimivirus relatives.
The 50 nm virus, named Sputnik, is associated with a new strain of the giant Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus (APMV) and is believed to represent a currently unknown family of viruses.
The 18 chapters cover the following diseases and pathogens: influenza in 2009, human adenovirus 14, Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus as a cause of pneumonia, hepatitis E, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus-like arenavirus infections, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infections in indigenous populations, cytomegalovirus infection after transplantation, malignancies and HIV infection, Arcobacter sp.
Scientists have zoomed in on mimivirus, the enormous virus with the delicate name that has perplexed researchers since its discovery in 1992.