Etymology: AS, midd + L, forceps, pair of tongs
an obstetric operation in which forceps are applied to the baby's head when it has reached the midplane of the mother's pelvis. An episiotomy is usually performed, and local, regional, or inhalation anesthesia is provided. In some cases, such as severe fetal distress, mid forceps may be the most rapid and the safest means of delivery, but astute selection of cases, skill, and experience are essential. Difficult mid forceps delivery is likely to be more traumatic to the baby and the mother than cesarean section. Compare high forceps, low forceps. See also failed forceps, forceps delivery, obstetric forceps, trial forceps.