microsporidiosis


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mi·cro·spo·rid·i·o·sis

, microsporidiasis (mī-krō-spō-rid-ē-ō'sis, mī'krō-spō-ri-dī'a-sis),
Infection with a member of the phylum Microspora, the microsporidians.

microsporidiosis

[mī′krō·spôrid′ē·ō′sis]
infection with protozoa of the order Microsporida, usually seen in immunocompromised patients, usually characterized by diarrhea and wasting.

microsporidiosis

Infection by Microsporidia, especially affecting immunocompromised hosts (e.g., AIDS patients).
 
Clinical findings—GI tract
Chronic, watery diarrhoea, decreased weight, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting.
 
Clinical-systemic symptoms
Cholecystitis, renal failure, red eyes, photosensitivity, respiratory tract infections.
 
Management
Albendazole.

microsporidiosis

Infectious disease Infection by Microsporidia, which usually infects immunocompromised hosts, especially AIDS Pts Clinical–GI tract Chronic, watery diarrhea, ↓ weight, abdominal pain N&V; Clinical—systemic Sx of cholecystitis, renal failure, RTIs, red eyes, photosensitivity, asymptomatic URIs Management Albendazole

microsporidiosis

A protozoal infection caused by various organisms of the Microsporidia genus. Most human cases have occurred in people with AIDS. Human cells are infected when microsporidian spores impale them with a hollow tube through which DNA is passed into the host cell. Different species affect different organs. The clinical features include diarrhoea, urinary tract infection, rhinitis, sinusitis, corneal stromal infection and infection of the bile passages. Treatment is with oral albendazole and fumagillin eye drops for corneal ulceration.

microsporidiosis

infection by species of the genus Microsporidia; common infections in flounder and other marine fish and in ornamental fish; include Thelohania and Pleistophora spp.
References in periodicals archive ?
On histopathology, microsporidiosis was considered, and a regimen with albendazole was begun.
Intestinal microsporidiosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with chronic unexplained diarrhea: prevalence and clinical and biologic features.
Cryptosporidiosis and microsporidiosis in Ugandan children with persistent diarrhea with and without concurrent infection with the human immunodeficiency virus.
Most genotypes and subtypes detected were anthroponotic, indicating these animals might be reservoirs for human cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and microsporidiosis.
Most genotypes and subtypes detected were anthroponotic, which indicates that these animals, after becoming infected from exposure to infected humans, may have become reservoirs for human cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, and microsporidiosis.
Evaluation of Patients with Presumptive Intestinal Microsporidiosis
We report a case of disseminated microsporidiosis in a patient with multiple myeloma who had received an allogeneic stem cell transplant requiring substantial immunosuppression.
Although few microsporidiosis cases have been reported, they have emerged as opportunistic infections in patients with HIV infection (1).
Therefore, clinicians managing immunodeficient patients who have fatigue, weakness, and other nonspecific symptoms, including unexplainable lesions, should consider microsporidiosis as a possible differential diagnosis.