micrognathia


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micrognathia

 [mi″kro-nath´e-ah]
abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially the lower jaw. adj., adj micrognath´ic.
Micrognathia. This characteristic is the hallmark of the child with arthritis of the neck or joints of the jaw. From Betz et al., 1994.

mi·cro·gna·thi·a

(mī-krog-nath'ē-ă), In the diphthong gn, the g is silent only at the beginning of a word.
Abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially of the mandible.
[micro- + G. gnathos, jaw]

micrognathia

/mi·cro·gna·thia/ (-nath´e-ah) unusual smallness of the jaws, especially the lower jaw.micrognath´ic

micrognathia

[mī′krōnā′thē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, mikros + gnathos, jaw
underdevelopment of the jaw, especially the mandible. Compare macrognathia. Formerly called brachygnathia. micrognathic, adj.
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Micrognathia

mi·cro·gna·thi·a

(mī'krog-nā'thē-ă)
Abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially of the mandible.
[micro- + G. gnathos, jaw]

micrognathia

Having an abnormally small upper or lower jaw.

mi·cro·gna·thi·a

(mī'krog-nā'thē-ă)
Abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially of mandible.

micrognathia (mī´krōnāth´ēə),

n an abnormally small jaw such as that seen in brachygnathia. See also brachygnathia; retrognathism.

micrognathia

abnormal smallness of the jaws, especially the lower jaw.
References in periodicals archive ?
Physical examination revealed a small child (less than third percentile in height and weight) with small ears and micrognathia without nasal structural abnormality.
19) Further, when a pregnancy was continued after unsuccessful RU 486 administration, one child had severe deformities (20) including sirenomelia, a cleft palate and lip, micrognathia and hygroma.
The temporomandibular joint may also be affected in children with systemic or polyarticular JIA and result in micrognathia, irregular growth of the jaw, or other jaw dysfunction.
Hallerrnann-Streiff syndrome is a congenital disorder invoMng glaucoma in both eyes, microphthalmia (smaller-than-normal eyesl, dwarfism, lower-than-normal amount of body hair, a characteristic "beak-shaped" nose, micrognathia, dental abnormalities, and increased upper airway resistance.
Of the 64 cases of malformations in topiramate-exposed pregnancies reported to the Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS), almost 33% (21 cases) were craniofacial abnormalities, which included 11 reports of cleft lip and/or palate reports, 6 reports of facial dysmorphism, 4 reports of micrognathia, 3 cases of skull deformation and ossification abnormalities, and 1 case of macroglossia.
Particular anatomical abnormalities such as micrognathia, acromegaly and macroglosssia make sleep apnoea more likely.
Micrognathia can be an isolated problem or it can occur as part of a sequence or syndrome.
List of possible diagnoses included on the form used in the present study Laryngomalacia Retropharyngeal abscess Tracheomalacia Laryngeal stenosis Croup Subglottic stenosis Micrognathia Acute pharyngitis Macroglossia Papillomas (upper airway) Vascular compression Choanal atresia Adenotonsillar Vocal fold paralysis hypertrophy Peritonsillar abscess Parapharyngeal Normal abscess URI Figure.
In this case, micrognathia causes the tongue to be displaced superiorly during development, interfering with palatal closure at approximately 9 weeks gestation.
John Michael has an extreme receding chin also known as micrognathia.
The Robin sequence typically consists of micrognathia (abnormally small mandible, or lower jaw); glossoptosis (downward and posterior displacement of the tongue, which appears larger due to the small mandible); and cleft palate.
Diagnosis of Mohr syndrome was confirmed by the observation of polydactylia of the feet; syndactylia of toes 1-2 and 3-4 of both feet; bifid tongue tip with broad, short uvula; bilateral hexadactylia of the hands; and a peculiar facies with micrognathia and microcephaly.