microfilaremia

microfilaremia

 [mi″kro-fil″ah-re´me-ah]
the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil'ă-rē'mē-ă),
Infection of the blood with microfilariae. Microfilaremia caused by Wuchereria bancrofti is characterized by sharp nocturnal periodicity, apparently tied to the nocturnal habits of the vector mosquitoes; in geographic areas where mosquitoes are not strictly night-biters (as in areas of Polynesia), the microfilarial periodicity is modified or absent.
See also: periodic filariasis.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil-ă-rē'mē-ă)
Infection of the blood with microfilariae.
Synonym(s): microfilaraemia.

microfilaremia

the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Serologic analysis is useful for screening, and testing for microfilaremia in peripheral blood should be performed for parasite-positive patients.
A case of subcutaneous Dirofilaria (Nochtiella) repens with microfilaremia originating in Corsica.
Based on the patient's travel history to a Loa loa-endemic region, the attending physicians suspected loiasis but could not confirm microfilaremia despite increasing peripheral eosinophilia with repeated peripheral smears and Knott concentration tests on blood drawn at midday.
7) Filariasis consists of spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from asymptomatic microfilaremia, acute lymphadenitis, chronic lymphadenitis, edema of limbs and genitalia & tropical pulmonary eosinophilia.
The International Task Force (WHO) has recommended that in mass treatment, diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is given to almost everyone in the community irrespective of whether they have microfilaremia or not, disease manifestations or no signs of infection in the area of high endemicity except children <2 years, pregnant women, and very sick patients.
microfilaremia recovered {% female x in peritoneal mortality worms 5days(n) cavity on day 7 over post initiation untreated of treatment control) C 100(5) Active 5.
The overture of assays for circulating filarial antigen, the innovation of occult lymphatic pathology and renal disease in asymptomatic microfilaremics and the recognition of the role of bacterial infection in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic disease suggests that the old classification based on presence or absence of microfilaremia and/or chronic pathology is outdated.
While a single dose of ivermectin markedly reduces skin microfilarial loads up to 12 months, with a transient fall in microfilarial level (21), repeated doses of ivermectin are reported to lower the incidence of microfilaremia.
At that time, the decision was made to stop MDAs because reported drug coverage in LF-endemic districts exceeded 80% and no microfilaremia was detected in persons tested to monitor impact of MDAs.
6) The microfilaremic individual was examined using the technique of blood filtration through polycarbonate membrane (MF), (7) to quantify his microfilaremia in 10 mL of blood, and rapid immunochromatographic tests (ICT "card test"), which detect the presence of W.