microfilaremia

(redirected from microfilaraemia)

microfilaremia

 [mi″kro-fil″ah-re´me-ah]
the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil'ă-rē'mē-ă),
Infection of the blood with microfilariae. Microfilaremia caused by Wuchereria bancrofti is characterized by sharp nocturnal periodicity, apparently tied to the nocturnal habits of the vector mosquitoes; in geographic areas where mosquitoes are not strictly night-biters (as in areas of Polynesia), the microfilarial periodicity is modified or absent.
See also: periodic filariasis.

mi·cro·fil·a·re·mi·a

(mī'krō-fil-ă-rē'mē-ă)
Infection of the blood with microfilariae.
Synonym(s): microfilaraemia.

microfilaremia

the presence of microfilariae in the circulating blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Immunoepidemiology of Wuchereria bancrofti infection in two east African communities: Antibodies to the microfilarial sheath and their role in regulating microfilaraemia.
Mansonella perstans filariasis in Uganda: patterns of microfilaraemia and clinical manifestations in two endemic communities.
The significance of low density microfilaraemia in the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti by Culex (Culex) quinquefasciatus Say in Sri Lanka.
bancrofti (7), it was estimated that about 2,765 infective bites would be the average exposure leading to patent microfilaraemia where the mean annual biting rate (ABR) exceeded 80,000 bites/person/year and the mricrofilaraemia rate among adults of different ethnic groups reached 4-11%.
These combinations produced prolonged suppression of microfilaraemia (mf) than either drug alone (9-11).
Both the fractions caused gradual fall in microfilaraemia and 100 per cent worm sterilization.
These studies have shown that these infections are widespread, and that the prevalence of microfilaraemia and clinical manifestations vary from one locality to another in south-eastern Nigeria, except for M.
While the nocturnal form transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus is prevalent in many parts on the mainland India, the diurnal form (6) is prevalent only in the Nicobar group of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (7-10) with overall microfilaraemia (mf) prevalences ranging between 8.
Studies on these infections have been carried out in parts of Nigeria, and these have shown that filariasis is widespread, and varies in prevalence of microfilaraemia and of clinical manifestations from one locality to another.
Interpretation & conclusions: Annual single dose of DEC therapy alone may not result in complete clearance of infection and detection of antigenaemia rather than microfilaraemia may be taken into consideration as an indicator of successful chemotherapy.
Occurrence of living adult Wuchereria bancrofti in the scrotal area of men with microfilaraemia.