These included three testing metrics: HbA1c testing two or more times/year, LDL cholesterol testing in the past year, and kidney function testing (urine microalbumin test
in past year or documented evidence of nephropathy); and three control metrics: HbAlc control <7 percent at last measurement of the year (or <8 percent if 65-75 years old or having guideline-specified comorbidities), LDL cholesterol control <100 mg/dL at last measurement of the year, and blood pressure control at <130/80 mmHg at last measurement (American Diabetes Association 2011; Wisconsin Collaborative for Healthcare Quality 2011).
Self-efficacy for preventive health screenings was measured by seven items to determine how sure a participant was that he or she could "get a dilated eye exam every year", "get a dental exam every year", "get a microalbumin test
every year", "get a foot exam every year", " get a Hemoglobin A1C test every six months", "check your blood glucose daily", on a scale of not at all sure (0), slightly sure (1), moderately sure (3) and completely sure (4), yielding a possible range of 0-28.
When urinary creatinine measurement is performed along with a spot microalbumin test
, the resulting ACE approaches the accuracy of the 24-hour microalbumin test
without the extended collection difficulties.
However, because many practice "report cards" call for an annual urine microalbumin test
in diabetic patients, many physicians perform the test on patients who are already on an ACE inhibitor or an ARB, she said.
Blood vessel damage can impair kidney function; have a urine microalbumin test
, which checks for traces of protein in the urine and indicates possible kidney damage, once a year.
The diabetes testing effort earlier this year saw MinuteClinic provide testing for hemoglobin A1c and blood glucose, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and cholesterol as well as a comprehensive foot exam and a microalbumin test
(kidney function check).
Blood vessel damage can impair kidney function, so have a yearly urine microalbumin test
, which checks for trace protein in the urine and indicates possible kidney damage.
Diabetics should have a microalbumin test
a minimum of once and possibly twice a year.
People with diabetes ought to have a microalbumin test
every year, both because it is a cardiovascular risk factor and because it is a renal (kidney) disease risk factor.
The ImmunoDip microalbumin test
which was awarded the Medical Design Excellence Award and is covered by two patents is packaged in boxes of 25 individually foil sealed tests.
- A urine test often recommended for people with diabetes and high blood pressure to detect possible kidney damage or disease.
Table 1: Incidence Rate Ratios from Poisson Fixed Effects Models That Examine the Relationship between Incentive Participation and Incentivized Tests and Screens Incentivized Diabetes Tests HbA1c Microalbumin Test
Test Signed on to 1.