Nephrotoxicity in dogs associated with methoxyflurane
anesthesia and flunixin meglumine analgesia.
The doctors also said similar cases of hepatitis after methoxyflurane
had been found in women who had received the drug during labour.
The Analgizer, a light-weight, disposable vaporizer made of plastic, was used for the self-administration of methoxyflurane
during labor in the 1960s (Figure 3).
Minimum alveolar concentrations in man on awakening from methoxyflurane
, isoflurane, ether and fluroxene anesthesia: MAC awake.
The most common gas anesthetic agents included diethyl ether, halothane, methoxyflurane
, and nitrous oxide--oxygen in conjunction with narcotics such as morphine and meperidine.
Each squirrel was immobilized with 3-5 ml methoxyflurane
(administered via inhalation) or 20-30 mg ketamine hydrochloride (intramuscular injection) and fitted with a radio collar (Advanced Telemetry Systems, Isanti, MN or Telemetry Solutions, Walnut Creek, CA).
For implantation, mice were lightly anesthetized with methoxyflurane
, and the pellet was placed beneath the skin dorsally above the shoulders.
succinylcholine) d-Tubocurarine Ether Methoxyflurane
Rapid intravenous potassium Volatile inhalational anesthetics (desflurane, enflurane, halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane) Use cautiously Catecholamines Haloperidol Phenothiazines (chlorpromazine, prochlorperazine) Safe to use Anticholinergics Anticholinesterases Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Calcium Droperidol Etomidate Ketamine Local anesthetics Narcotics Nitrous oxide Nondepolarizing muscle relaxants Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Propofol
Lithium, demeclocycline, and methoxyflurane
suppress the action of ADH, permitting water loss.
beans, leafy vegetables, rhubarb, spinach, tomatoes, strawberries, tea, chocolate); infant formula; ascorbic acid; xylitol; ethylene glycol; methoxyflurane
Other acids and metabolites 2-Hydroxyglutarate (82, 85) Bacterial contamination (D-form); lithium; uremia; increase with younger age; 2-ketoglutarate degradation 3,4-Dihydroxybutyrate Diet (2-deoxytetronate) 3-Hydroxyisobutyrate (32) Ketosis 4,5-Dihydroxyhexanoate 4-Hydroxybutyrate Ketosis (?
For laparotomy, birds were anesthetized using methoxyflurane
vapors (Metofane, Pitman-Moore, Mundelein, Illinois, USA), and were restrained on a board.