methanol


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

methanol

 [meth´ah-nol]
a poisonous colorless liquid used as a solvent and fuel; ingestion may cause blindness or death. Called also methyl or wood alcohol.

meth·yl al·co·hol

CH3OH; a flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.

methanol

/meth·a·nol/ (meth´ah-nol) methyl alcohol.

methanol (CH3OH)

[meth′ənol]
a clear, colorless, toxic liquid distillate of wood miscible with water, other alcohols, and ether. Methanol is produced industrially from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. It is widely used as a solvent and in the production of formaldehyde. Also called methyl alcohol, wood alcohol.

methanol

A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent; it is miscible with water, ethanol, ether, and petroleum derivatives (e.g., gasoline), and can be found in canned fuel and in antifreeze, from which it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics. Methanol is metabolised to formaldehyde and formate, causing severe metabolic acidosis, optic nerve damage and blindness.
 
Toxic range
60–250 ml; as little as 15 ml can be fatal.

Management
Overload patient with ethanol, which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity.

methanol

Toxicology A polar alcohol used as an industrial solvent miscible with water, ethanol, ether, petroleum derivatives–eg, gasoline, in canned fuel and in antifreeze, where it may be abused as an inebriant by indigent alcoholics; methanol is metabolized to formaldehyde and formate, causing significant metabolic acidosis and optic nerve damage and blindness Toxic range 60-250 ml; as little as 15 ml has been fatal Management Overload Pt with ethanol–which competes with methanol for sites on alcohol dehydrogenase, reducing methanol metabolites and toxicity

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
A flammable, toxic, mobile liquid, used as an industrial solvent and antifreeze, and in the manufacture of chemicals; ingestion may result in severe acidosis, visual impairment, and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.

methanol

methyl alcohol

meth·yl al·co·hol

(meth'il al'kŏ-hol)
Flammable toxic liquid, used as an industrial solvent, antifreeze, and in chemical manufacture; ingestion may result in severe acidosis and other effects on the central nervous system.
Synonym(s): methanol.

methanol

a mobile, colorless liquid widely used as a solvent; methyl alcohol. A potent poison causing death due to its toxic effect on cardiac muscle. A component of methylated spirit.
References in periodicals archive ?
The four task forces were set up six months ago and since then a series of meetings and deliberations have taken place to explore and give a push to methanol economy in the country.
7 Poisoning with methanol may be due to accidental or intentional ingestion, including suicidal intent, abuse or misuse.
Chinese demand, Nash said, has grown significantly in traditional methanol derivatives, such as acetic acid and formaldehyde, the largest single methanol derivative and a key component for the production of construction and wood products, as well as high-strength engineering resins and a multitude of insecticide applications.
During the experiment, didecyl adipate has good solubility in gasoline while the solubility in methanol is poor by showing obvious layer in the mixture of didecyl adipate and methanol.
The global renewable methanol market is segmented on the basis of region into North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Asia Pacific Excluding Japan, Japan, and Middle East & Africa.
Thailand Methanol Industry, Demand and Production Outlook, 2005-2019 6
The most characteristic MR findings in methanol toxicity are bilateral putaminal necroses, which may have varying degrees of hemorrhage.
He explained that methanol was one of the most versatile compounds developed and the basis for hundreds of chemicals and thousands of products.
The family of Perth carpenter Liam Davies, who died after drinking a cocktail containing methanol in Lombok, says he thought he was drinking imported vodka and lime.
In patients with sufficient blood ethanol levels, pulmonary and renal clearance become the major clearance pathway for methanol elimination.
Methanol is a key ingredient required for the production of several chemical products including dl Methionine feedgrade.
Methanol is used in a various industries such as in the manufacture of plywood, textiles, plastic, synthetic resin, pharmaceuticals, insecticides and many others.