Some interventions before actual infection, such as metaphylaxis
(treatment in the absence of disease), can have negative consequences, such as driving selection of drug resistance within the pathogen community (Aarestrup et al.
Albrecht et al found that, in the treatment of 1,440 piglets, 'Homoopathic metaphylaxis
is significantly effective compared with placebo and routine low-dose antibiotic metaphylaxis
for incidence of disease and rate of disease of the respiratory tract among the animals studied (22).
This in turn suggests that on-farm practices, including use of antimicrobial agents for growth promotion, metaphylaxis
, and therapy (21,22), may influence characteristics of E.
Researchers concluded that black currant juice could support the treatment and metaphylaxis
of uric acid stone disease because of its alkalizing effect.
In veterinary medicine fluoroquinolones are used as treatment and metaphylaxis
but not as growth promoters.