But if one was hoping that Childress moved to a deeper appreciation of the constructivist and narrative elements that the four principles approach presupposes, then the metaethical
reflection of the book's first section is disappointing.
Weinreb's most original metaethical
suggestion is in tightly tying rights to responsibility.
Robert Shaver's discussion of deontology and agent-relative reasons through Ross and Carritt, Philip Stratton-Lake's argument against derivative prima facie duties on the basis of Ross, and Olson and Timmons' discussion of metaethical
non-naturalism through Ewing belong to this category.
My theses in this paper are conditional on the assumption that there are moral truths in the first place; thus, I set aside metaethical
expressivism, as well as Blackburn's quasi-realism, which understands "moral truth" to mean something different than I mean by it (not the sort of thing that we believe).
argues for the metaethical
thesis that moral realism is true.
Although appearing in a different metaethical
context, this passage from Gilbert Harman makes a crucial and appropriate point:
10) that Rawls should be forthright in declaring himself a metaethical
skeptic, because only skepticism can make sense of his insistence on the political toleration of pluralism;(53) and
23) This attitude is reflected in the number of pages devoted to metaethical
topics in the present volume--a bit less than 10 percent of the whole.
This paper discusses the question of what explains ethical vagueness like this, arguing that there are interesting metaethical
consequences of various explanations.
5) Simon Blackburn claims that the best course for non-realists, including expressivists, is to firmly avoid all metaethical
talk of dependency of value on attitudes: 'there is no external question of dependency' (300).
I will then argue that this theory makes certain metaethical
presuppositions, and will say what I think those are.
This notion of a duty to die raises all sorts of interesting theoretical and metaethical