We learn about the actual techniques of a mesmerist
from a journalist's description of the trials and successes of one of the first foreign mesmerists
to -- as Winter puts it -- get off the ferry in 1837.
In the migration of Africanist practices to white psychology, liberal reform became a matter of spiritual awareness; the privilege of disembodiment derives from slaves whose encumbered bodies silently justified the universalism of mesmerists
, spiritualists, and antislavery men and women.
who murmured and gesticulated at me had no effect on my rational capacities, though the experience was rather relaxing," Franklin says.
Using whatever it was -- deception, magnetic fluids, will-power, or the devil (Victorians disagreed) -- mesmerists
were seen to put their subjects in a trance.
Rival groups with secular outlooks challenged the church and won followers to their ideas, which the author discusses under the rubrics of spiritualism, positivism, and spiritism (the latter comprising socialists, Swedenborgians, mesmerists
, and such other-world theorists as Allan Kardec).
Psychical research emerged as an attempt to continue and systematize the work of the mesmerists
and the Spiritualists by exploring hidden dimensions of human functioning and the possibility of spirit agency (Gauld, 1968; Lachapelle, 2011; Moore, 1977; Wolffram, 2009).
Mediumship, psychical research, dissociation, and the powers of the subconscious mind/ Medialitat, psychische forschung, dissoziation und die krafte der unterbewussten psyche/ Mediumnidad, investigacion psiquica, disociacion, y poderes de la mente subconsciente/ Mediumnite, recherche psychique, dissociation, et les pouvoirs de l'esprit subconscient
Japan) creates a wonder show of his own with his vivid portraits of mesmerists
, magicians, electrical wizards, mind readers and their spectacles.