Far from rejecting science as a whole, these figures sought to link "scientific revolution" to race revolution by incorporating phrenology, mesmerism
, physiology, and other fields of popular science into their acts and lectures.
Spiritism or Kardecism--as it is known in Brazil due to its founder Hippolyte Rivail's pen name, Allan Kardec (1804-69)--was a synthesis of many religious practices, such as Catholicism, Protestantism, and occult philosophies that flourished in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Europe, including Swedenborgianism, Mesmerism
, Rosicrucianism, Freemasonry and Theosophy.
Forth, The Dreyfus Affair and the Crisis of French Manhood (Baltimore, 2004); John Warner Monroe, Laboratories of Faith: Mesmerism
, Spiritism, and Occultism in Modern France (Ithaca, 2008); and Lisa Tiersten, Marianne in the Market: Envisioning Consumer Society in Fin-de-Siecle France (Berkeley, 2001).
21) On the history of French mesmerism
, see Robert Darnton, Mesmerism
and the End of the Enlightenment in France (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968).
For an account of Mary Baker Eddy's strong rejection of mesmerism
and spiritualism, see Albanese, Republic of Mind and Spirit, 290-94.
Kabat-Zinn's assumptions about meditation and the universality of Dharma place him squarely in a cultural, historical, and religious context that includes Swedenborgianism, Mesmerism
, Transcendentalism, pragmatism, Theosophy, and New Thought.
When Strindberg Knew My Father opens at Chapter Arts Centre this week audiences will be treated to the bizarre sight of actors attempting to master the arts of levitation, mesmerism
However, he has also recreated the spirit of adventure that was fueled by increasing Antarctic exploration and the excitement generated by very early experiments with electricity, hot air balloons and mesmerism
Narcissism, Sacrifice and Sorority (Albany: State U of New York P, 1999), draws upon Gelpi's use of mesmerism
to interpret Panthea's dream of Prometheus to discuss Asia's transformation into the liquid fire of love and sympathy (190), Shelley's experiments with electricity (129-133), and her explanation of Asia's radiance as nutritive electromagnetic energy denied during Jupiter's reign (183).
and Spiritualism encouraged direct contact with the supernatural without intermediaries.
html) describes it: "This book explores all areas of the metaphysical world from early philosophies to hypnotism and mesmerism
, clairvoyance, visions, right through an overview of the psycho-therapeutic practices.
When opium, mesmerism
and depravity begin to seep through Pearl's pages, however, the novel turns a darker and more interesting shade of red--that of spilled blood, not womanly blushes.