mesial temporal sclerosis


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mesial temporal sclerosis

A condition characterised by induration of the middle temporal lobe, associated with cortical dysplasia and intractable temporal lobe epilepsy.

Aetiology
Major cerebral trauma, infection, febrile illness in childhood; most patients are seizure-free after ablative surgery.

mesial temporal sclerosis

Abbreviation: MTS
Atrophy of neurons and scarring in the temporal lobe of the brain, typically in the hippocampus. It is both a cause and an effect of temporal lobe epilepsy. Some patients with focal seizures and a clearly defined area of MTS have significant improvement in seizure activity when the affected area of the temporal lobe is surgically removed.
See also: sclerosis
References in periodicals archive ?
In patients with mesial temporal sclerosis, the intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) is used to evaluate language and memory competence in the contralateral hemisphere prior to temporal lobe surgery.
Mesial temporal sclerosis is diagnosed when there is a -- in hippocampal volume and -- T2-weighted signal with loss of normal internal hippocampal architecture.
Mesial Temporal Sclerosis Vs Other Diagnosis: 17 out of the 39 cases with positive MRI findings (43.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare QOL and burden in caregivers of teenagers and adults with either TLE related to mesial temporal sclerosis or JME.
With regard to etiological groups, patients with mesial temporal sclerosis on cranial MR images had no different attitudes from the rest of the group in all addictive domains (p = .
GRAPHS-8: DISTRIBUTION OF ABNORMAL MRI FINDINGS IN PATIENTS Mesial Temporal Sclerosis 9 Gliosis/encephalomalacia 39 Meningioma 17 Glioma 1 Abscess 3 Cavernous angioma 4 Hypoxiclschaemic Encephalopathy 2 Neurocysticeroosis 36 Tuberculoma 2 Metastasis 3 Tuberous Sclerosis 3 Rasmussen encephalitis 19 Developmental Disorders 4 Note: Table made from pie chart.
Pathology was cortical dysplasia (36) encephalomatacia (7), tumor (4), mesial temporal sclerosis (5), and Rasmussen).
Avoiding prolonged focal febrile seizures is a legitimate goal because of their association in prospective MRI studies with development of mesial temporal sclerosis, the pathologic lesion underlying a lifelong refractory temporal lobe epilepsy