mesentery


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mesentery

 [mes´en-ter″e]
1. a membranous fold attaching an organ to the body wall.
2. the peritoneal fold attaching the small intestine to the dorsal body wall; called also mesenterium. adj., adj mesenter´ic.

mes·en·ter·y

(mes'en-ter'ē), [TA]
1. A double layer of peritoneum attached to the abdominal wall and enclosing in its fold a portion or all of one of the abdominal viscera, conveying to it its vessels and nerves.
2. The fan-shaped fold of peritoneum suspending the greater part of the small intestines (jejunum and ileum) and attaching it to the posterior abdominal wall at the root of the mesentery (radix mesenterii). Synonym(s): mesenterium dorsale commune, mesostenium
Synonym(s): mesenterium [TA]
[Mod. L. mesenterium, fr. G. mesenterion, fr. G. mesos, middle, + enteron, intestine]

mesentery

/mes·en·tery/ (mez´en-ter″e)
1. the peritoneal fold attaching the small intestine to the posterior body wall.
Enlarge picture
Mesentery in a median sagittal section.
2. a membranous fold attaching an organ to the body wall.

mesentery

(mĕz′ən-tĕr′ē, mĕs′-)
n. pl. mesenter·ies
Any of several folds of the peritoneum that connect the intestines to the dorsal abdominal wall, especially such a fold that envelops the jejunum and ileum.

mes′en·ter′ic adj.

mesentery

The double layer of peritoneum which covers abdominal organs and suspends the small intestine south of the ligament of Treitz—i.e., the jejunum and the ileum.

Pronunciation
Medspeak-UK: pronounced, MEE sen terry
Medspeak-US: pronounced, MEH sen terry

Many in the UK pronounce this the same as in the US.

mes·en·ter·y

(mes'ĕn-ter-ē) [TA]
1. A double layer of peritoneum attached to the abdominal wall and enclosing in its fold a portion or all of one of the abdominal viscera, conveying to it its vessels and nerves.
2. The fan-shaped fold of peritoneum encircling the greater part of the small intestines (jejunum and ileum) and attaching it to the posterior abdominal wall at the root of the mesentery (radix mesenterii).
Synonym(s): mesenterium.
[Mod. L. mesenterium, fr. G. mesenterion, fr. G. mesos, middle, + enteron, intestine]

mesentery

The complex, double-layered folded curtain of PERITONEUM that encloses the bowels and by which they are suspended from the back wall of the abdomen. Blood and lymphatic vessels run to and from the intestines between the two layers of the mesentery.

mesentery

  1. the layers of PERITONEUM that attach the gut system and its associated organs (e.g. SPLEEN) to the dorsal surface of the peritoneal cavity in mammals. The blood, lymph and nerve supplies to the gut are contained in the mesentery.
  2. one of the filaments dividing the body cavity of sea anemones and corals.

mesentery (mezˑ·n·terˈ·ē),

n the fan-shaped, double layer of peritoneal membrane; responsible for supporting the small intestine.

mesentery

a membranous sheet attaching various organs to the body wall, especially the peritoneal fold attaching the intestine to the dorsal body wall.

ovarian mesentery
testicle mesentery
see proper ligament of the testis.
References in periodicals archive ?
10) In patients with primary involvement of peritoneum, omentum, and mesentery by HD, liver function test remains normal.
As the disease mortality and morbidity is very high, and presenting complaints are nonspecific and mimic various general abdomen symptoms, Multiphasic MDCT offers as a self-comprehensive imaging modality of choice for mesenteric ischaemia with excellent evaluation of vascular structures, bowel wall and adjacent mesentery and also demonstrates possible primary cause of mesenteric ischaemia.
The mesentery was reportedly described by Italian polymath Leanardo da Vinci as early as 1508, but has been ignored throughout the centuries, up until now.
Type I is gallbladder and cystic duct attachment to the inferior surface of the liver via the mesentery.
The most common sites of involvement were greater omentum in 71 (56%), followed by pelvis in 19 (14%), diaphragmatic peritoneum in 16 (13%), small bowel mesentery in 12 (10%) and serosal surfaces in nine (7 %) patients.
Serous cystadenocarcinoma of the mesentery in a man: case report and review of literature.
Isolated fibers demonstrated various pitch sizes, reflecting the degree of stretch from their native state within the mesentery, which occurred during the extraction procedure (Fig.
During surgery the abdomen was found to be blocked by a severe adhesion syndrome, five intestinal fistulas associated with the presence of multiple bone spicules, and by the ossification of almost all of the mesentery.
At surgery, enucleation of the cystic mass from the mesentery was attempted; however, due to the intraoperative findings of enlarged lymph nodes and the diffuse mesenteric infiltration in close relationship with adjacent ascending colon, an ileocecal resection was performed.
When the bowel injury is in the form of a hematoma or rupture or when there is a hematoma or rupture formation in the bowel mesentery, then physical examination does not reveal pathological signs.
Among the topics are neoplastic mimics common to the entire gastrointestinal tract, neoplastic mimics of the serosa and mesentery of the gastrointestinal tract, hepatocellular or hepatoid neoplastics mimics of the liver, vascular neoplastic mimics of the liver, the gallbladder and biliary tree, and the pancreas.