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Relating to the mesencephalon.


Relating to the mesencephalon.


(mĕs-ĕn-sĕf′ă-lŏn) [″ + enkephalos, brain]
The midbrain; one of three primitive cerebral vesicles from which develop the corpora quadrigemina, the crura cerebri, and the aqueduct of Sylvius.
mesencephalic, adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Mesencephalic dopamine neurons are involved in neurological processes such as motivation, cognition and control of movement.
Glial cells mediate toxicity in glutathione-depleted mesencephalic cultures.
Regulation of rat mesencephalic GABAergic neurones through muscarinic receptors.
Metabolic profiling of mesencephalic samples was acquired using UPLC/T0E-MS/MS system in the positive ion mode.
Getty mentions that the internal carotid artery of domestic hog subdivides in branch, a rostral one, which branches off into the medium cerebral artery, and rostral cerebral artery, and a caudal branch, called caudal communicant artery, which can be divided into two portions, one proximal and another distal, named mesencephalic artery, from the caudal cerebral artery issuing.
Spencer DD, Robbins RJ, Naftolin F Marek KL, Vollmer T, Leranth C, Roth RH, Price LH, Gjedde A, Bunney BS, Sass KJ, Elsworth JD, IGer L, Makuch R, Hoffer PB, Redmond DE: Unilateral transplantation of human fetal mesencephalic tissue into the caudate nucleus of patients with Parkinson's disease.
Recent studies point to a key role of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR), which is located in the reticular formation and is composed of the PPN and the cuneiform nucleus, for the control of gait and balance in humans [93, 94].
These findings concur with previous studies where resveratrol, the deglycosylation form of PD, significantly attenuates the decrease of cell viability in OS injured HUVECs [32] and the methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity in mouse mesencephalic neurons [13] and evidently enhance activities of proliferation, adhesion, and migration of endothelial progenitor cells [33].
Primary rat mesencephalic neuron-glia, neuron-enriched, microgliaenriched, and astroglia-enriched cultures.