mercurialism


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mercurialism

 [mer-ku´re-al-izm]

mer·cu·ry poi·son·ing

a disease usually caused by the ingestion or inhalation of mercury or mercury compounds, which are toxic in relation to their ability to produce mercuric ions; usually acute mercury poisoning is associated with ulcerations of the mouth (including loosening of teeth), stomach, and intestine in addition to toxic changes in the renal tubules; anuria and anemia may occur; respiratory distress and pneumonia can follow inhalation; usually chronic mercury poisoning is a result of industrial pollution; causes gastrointestinal or central nervous system manifestations including stomatitis, diarrhea, headaches, ataxia, tremor, hyperreflexia, sensorineural impairment, and emotional instability and sometimes delirium.
See also: Mad Hatter syndrome.

mercurialism

(mər-kyo͝or′ē-ə-lĭz′əm)
n.
Poisoning caused by mercury or a compound containing mercury.

mercurialism

mer·cu·ry poi·son·ing

(mĕr'kyūr-ē poy'zŏn-ing)
A disease usually caused by the ingestion of mercury or mercury compounds, which are toxic in relation to their ability to produce mercuric ions; acute mercury poisoning is usually associated with ulcerations of the stomach and intestine and toxic changes in the renal tubules; anuria and anemia may occur; chronic mercury poisoning is usually a result of industrial poisoning and causes gastrointestinal or central nervous system manifestations including stomatitis, diarrhea, ataxia, tremor, hyperreflexia, sensorineural impairment, and emotional instability (Mad Hatter syndrome).
Synonym(s): hydrargyria, hydrargyrism, mercurialism.

mercurialism

(məkyŏŏr´ēəliz´əm),
n (mercury poisoning), 1. poisoning resulting from the ingestion of pure mercury, its salts, or its vapor. Manifestations of acute intoxication include nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, oral and pharyngeal pain, uremia, dehydration, diarrhea, and shock. Manifestations of chronic poisoning include hypersalivation, diarrhea, vertigo, depression, intention tremor, and stomatitis. See also acrodynia and stomatitis, mercurial.
n 2. poisoning by ingestion or absorption of mercury compounds. See also line, mercurial, and mercury poisoning.

mercurialism

chronic mercury poisoning.