The receiver actually said the word "spider" 46 times during the mentation (Rick Berger, personal communication, August 1997).
One example is a videotape compiled by Kathy Dalton that shows some of the correspondences between receiver mentation and target content that appeared in the Sender-No Sender study conducted in Edinburgh in 1994 (Morris, Dalton, Delanoy, & Watt, 1995).
For both the mentations generated by the random number table and by the live random process the direct hit rate is 27.
Contrary to expectation this study did not find that the virtual mentations enabled independent judges to identify the target clip at a level significantly greater than chance expectation in any of the randomness conditions.
A proposed research paradigm for the study of volitional mentation
2) I would like to thank Jo Smith (JS) for photocopying and storing the mentation
Thus we could not discount the possibility that any above-chance scoring was a function of the judge's psychic ability, with the mentation simply providing a Rorschach-like medium for her own psi in what might amount to little more than an elaborate forced-choice ESP test.
In this paper we report on a second aspect of that study which concerns the performance of an RNG that served as a virtual receiver during the ganzfeld session, generating an alternative mentation to be rated by independent judges.
The highest percentage score was ranked '1', meaning the mentation described the site the most accurately.
The question that has to be asked, though, is whether the combined mentation of three percipients in a three-percipient/three-agent design really is, or would necessarily be, more uninterpretable than the mentation of a single percipient in a single-percipient/single-agent design.
Hypothesis 2, that the REG mentations would allow an independent judge to identify the target clip to a greater degree than chance, was thus not supported.
The similarity in distribution of ranks for both receiver and REG mentations might suggest some coincidence of performance, with both receiver- and REG-based ranks being successful or unsuccessful on the same trials, which could be indicative of a general sender effect.