Since the very start of ganzfeld experiments in parapsychology, there have been reports of remarkable correspondences between ganzfeld mentation and target content.
The receiver actually said the word "spider" 46 times during the mentation (Rick Berger, personal communication, August 1997).
Contrary to expectation this study did not find that the virtual mentations enabled independent judges to identify the target clip at a level significantly greater than chance expectation in any of the randomness conditions.
TABLE 1 A COMPARISON OF TARGET RANK FREQUENCIES FOR MENTATIONS BY TARGET SYSTEM (N = 40) Target Rank system 1 2 3 4 Independent judge JW Table 9 11 9 11 (22.
2003; Roe & Holt, 2005) the RNG virtual receiver ran in the background during a standard ganzfeld ESP study in which a human receiver was relaxing and producing free-associative mentation.
A proposed research paradigm for the study of volitional mentation.
2) I would like to thank Jo Smith (JS) for photocopying and storing the mentation
TABLE 1 A COMPARISON OF TARGET RANK FREQUENCIES WITH RELATIVE PERCENTAGES IN PARENTHESES FOR THE RECEIVER- AND RNG-BASED MENTATIONS Rank N 1 2 3 4 Receiver Sender 23 6 3 5 9 (26.
Recently we reported on an alternative method for gauging any potential sender effect that promised to circumvent such complications by replacing the receiver with a random number generator (RNG) "virtual receiver" that would generate a virtual mentation by randomly selecting statements from among an array of descriptors.
The fact is, the mentations produced in the typical RV experiment (using a single-percipient/single-agent design) show that the signal-to-noise ratio can often be adversely high anyway, so that RV may often not be all that reliable: McMoneagle (2000) claims that only on five occasions in 25 years has he seen RV exceed 65% reliability, though RV may reach up to 90% accuracy.
The highest percentage score was ranked '1', meaning the mentation described the site the most accurately.
The ranks allocated to target clips by the receiver and by the independent judge using the REG-generated mentations
are summarised in Table 1.