menstrual colic


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colic

 [kol´ik]
acute paroxysmal abdominal pain. It is particularly common during the first three months of life; the infant has paroxysmal, unexplained crying and may pull up arms and legs, turn red-faced, and expel gas from the anus or belch it up from the stomach. The exact cause of infantile colic is not known but several factors may contribute to it, including excessive swallowing of air, too rapid feeding or overfeeding, parental anxiety, allergy to milk, or other feeding problems. It generally occurs at the same time of day, usually at the busiest period. The parents need sympathetic support and assurance that the condition is not serious and most infants gain weight and are healthy in spite of the colic.
biliary colic colic due to passage of gallstones along the bile duct.
gastric colic gastrodynia.
lead colic colic due to lead poisoning.
menstrual colic dysmenorrhea.
renal colic intermittent, acute pain beginning in the kidney region and radiating forward and down to the abdomen, genitalia, and legs; the usual cause is calculi in a kidney or ureter. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diaphoresis, and a desire to urinate frequently.

men·stru·al col·ic

intermittent cramplike lower abdominal pains associated with menstruation.

menstrual colic

Etymology: L, menstrualis, monthly; Gk, kolikos, colon pain
a form of dysmenorrhea characterized by abdominal pain during or immediately before menstruation.

colic

(kolik) [Gr. kolikos, pert. to the colon]
1. Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain.
2. Pert. to the colon. See: biliary colic; tormina

biliary colic

Right upper quadrant pain due to obstruction of a bile duct by a gallstone.
Synonym: cholecystalgia

infantile colic

Colic occurring in infants, principally during the first few months of life. It may respond to substitution of a hypoallergenic formula for cow's milk or to decreased stimulation of the infant.

intestinal colic

Colic typically associated with intestinal obstruction or ileus.

lead colic

Severe abdominal colic associated with lead poisoning.

menstrual colic

Dysmenorrhea.

painters' colic

Colic accompanying lead poisoning.

renal colic

Pain in the region of one of the flanks that radiates inferiorly, toward the lower abdomen, groin, scrotum, labia, or thigh. It may be associated with the passage of kidney stones.

uterine colic

Severe abdominal pain arising in the uterus, usually during the menstrual period.
See: dysmenorrhea