menses


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Related to menses: Mensa

menstruation

 [men″stroo-a´shun]
the periodic discharge from the vagina of blood and tissues from a nonpregnant uterus; the culmination of the menstrual cycle. Menstruation occurs every 28 days or so between puberty and menopause, except during pregnancy, and the flow lasts about 5 days, the times varying from woman to woman.
Menstrual Difficulties. Some menstrual discomfort is common, but acute discomfort is usually indicative of some disorder. Among the disorders sometimes causing dysmenorrhea are leiomyoma uteri, endometrial cysts, and displacement of the uterus. Menstrual pain may in some cases be related to tension or anxiety. Excessive bleeding or prolonged periods (hypermenorrhea) are sometimes an indication of tumors, polyps, cancer, or inflammation.

Menstruation usually starts between the ages of 11 and 14 and continues into the forties or fifties. At first the periods may be irregular, but once they are established they usually occur in a fairly definite rhythm, at intervals of 21 to 35 days. In these regular cycles, there may be monthly variations of a few days, which are considered normal. Cycle length may be influenced by changes in climate or living conditions, or by emotional factors. Slight irregularities, especially if they occur over a period of time, may be warnings of disturbance of either the thyroid or pituitary glands, or of tumors of the uterus or ovaries.

Occasionally menstruation does not occur at puberty; this is known as primary amenorrhea. It may be caused by underdevelopment or malformation of the reproductive organs, or by glandular disturbances, which generally can be corrected by the administration of hormones.

General ill health, a change in climate or living conditions, emotional shock, or, frequently, either the hope or fear of becoming pregnant can sometimes stop menstruation after it has begun (secondary amenorrhea). If this cessation is of short duration, it is not a cause for alarm. If it continues over a long period of time, and there is also the problem of infertility, hormone treatments may be necessary.
anovular menstruation (anovulatory menstruation) periodic uterine bleeding without preceding ovulation.
vicarious menstruation bleeding from extragenital mucous membrane at the time one would normally expect the menstrual period.

men·ses

(men'sēz),
A periodic physiologic hemorrhage occurring at intervals of about 4 weeks and having its source in the uterine mucous membrane; usually the bleeding is preceded by ovulation and predecidual changes in the endometrium.
See also: menstrual cycle.
Synonym(s): menstrual period
[L. pl. of mensis, month]

menses

/men·ses/ (men´sēz) the monthly flow of blood from the female genital tract.

menses

(mĕn′sēz)
pl.n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)
2. The material, consisting of blood and cellular debris from the uterus, discharged during menstruation.

menses

[men′sēz]
Etymology: L, men, month
the normal flow of blood and decidua that occurs during menstruation. The first day of the flow of the menses is the first day of the menstrual cycle. Also called catamenia, menstrual period, period.

menses

(1) The period during which menstruation occurs.
(2) The endometrium.

menses

 
1. The period during which menstruation occurs.
2. The endometrium per se.

men·ses

(men'sēz)
A periodic physiologic hemorrhage, which occurs at approximately 4-week intervals; its source is the uterine mucous membrane; usually the bleeding is preceded by ovulation and predecidual changes in the endometrium.
See also: menstrual cycle
Synonym(s): emmenia, menstrual period.
[L. pl. of mensis, month]

men·ses

(men'sēz)
A periodic physiologic hemorrhage, which occurs at approximately 4-week intervals; its source is the uterine mucous membrane; usually the bleeding is preceded by ovulation and predecidual changes in the endometrium.
Synonym(s): emmenia.
[L. pl. of mensis, month]

menses

(men´sēz),
n See menstruation.

Patient discussion about menses

Q. preventing pre menstrual MIGRAINES. Has anyone come up with any good preventive medicine for migraines? Mine come systematically right before and during the menstrual cycle. My (male) neurolight in Paris didn't seem to see a linkk with migraines and my cycle - or offer any preventive advice. I take Relpax to relieve. Does anyone have a more natural or preventive solution?

A. I have the same problem and take Topomax to prevent the migrains. Also make sure you get enough rest right before you start. There seems to be a correlation. It took about 2 months to fully work but at least the first migrain after I started taking Topomax wasn't as severe.

Q. can you get poly-cystic ovarian syndrome when you still have your menstrual cycle?

A. polycystic ovarian syndrome is when the egg does not come out- so i guess there is no menstrual that month. but as far as i know it's not every month that an egg decides to stay at home after 18... i guess you can check up more exact at this site:
http://www.pcosupport.org/

Q. is it normal to get a nausous feeling around the time i would start my menstrual cycle?

A. Yes, it is absolutely normal to feel nausea before and during menstrual cycle. The shift in hormonal levels can cause also headaches, mood changes, feeling of bloating and other common symptoms.

More discussions about menses
References in periodicals archive ?
Menses lasting at least 7 days and interfering with a person's daily activities.
Menstrual patterns pre and post TL controlling for contraceptive use IC (N=149) Parameter Pre TL Post TL Days of menses, n (%) Amenorrhoea 107 (71.
In considering probable menstrual migraine, take a detailed history, review headache diaries if available to determine association of headaches with menses, and perform a thorough neurologic examination.
Boric acid capsule/suppositories: 600 mg twice daily for 1 month, then once dally during menses only, for 4 consecutive months
As reported behavior usually trumps reported reasons for behavior in terms of credibility, it is likely that women citing breast-feeding as a reason for nonuse are really referring to lack of menses induced by breast-feeding.
It presents a well-researched and cogent argument on the complexities and ambiguities inherent in the relationship between the menses and conception.
For women with prolonged intervals between menses or excessive hairiness, or both, contraceptives containing estrogen and progestin are used to regulate the menstrual cycle and suppress the production of androgens.
Gerard Menses, CEO of Make-A-Wish Australia, said that Qantas Foundation coming on board as a major supporter meant that many more seriously-ill children will experience a life-changing wish.
Menses are brief, often only lasting for one day, but are profuse or scanty and are often accompanied by light-headedness.
In all his other discussions on the topic, Aristotle argues that the only fluid women contribute to conception is menses (katamenia), and though he sometimes refers to menses with the terms he uses for male semen (gone and sperma), he is insistent that unlike male semen, menses cannot carry 'form' or eidos.
In the oral study, all doses were well tolerated and reliable cessation of menses was induced at doses as low as 3 mg.
It also reduces fertility even after menses and ovulation have returned.