meningomyelocele


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myelomeningocele

 [mi″ĕ-lo-mĕ-ning´go-sēl]
hernial protrusion of the spinal cord and its meninges through a defect in the vertebral arch (spina bifida); see also neural tube defect. Called also meningomyelocele.
Child with a large thoraco-lumbar myelomeningocele consisting of protruding spinal cord covered by meninges. From Mueller and Young, 2001.

me·nin·go·my·e·lo·cele

(mĕ-ning'gō-mī'ĕ-lō-sēl'),
Protrusion of the spinal cord and its membranes through a defect in the vertebral column.
[meningo- + G. myelos, marrow, + kēlē, tumor]

meningomyelocele

meningomyelocele

Protrusion of the spinal meninges and cord through a defect of the vertebral column, usually at the distal end; when accompanied by a bone defect, it is termed spina bifida.

Epidemiology
1:5000 births.

Other findings
Often accompanied by midline defects—e.g., of the anus, heart and trachea (tracheo-oesophageal fistulas).

meningomyelocele

Neurology Protrusion of the spinal meninges and cord through a defect in the vertebral column; the bone defect is termed spina bifida, see there.

me·nin·go·my·e·lo·cele

(mĕ-ning'gō-mī'ĕ-lō-sēl)
Protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column.
Synonym(s): myelocystomeningocele, myelomeningocele.
[meningo- + G. myelos, marrow, + kēlē, tumor]

meningomyelocele

An abnormal protrusion of the spinal cord and its covering membranes (MENINGES) through a congenital defect in the bone of the spine (SPINA BIFIDA). The meningomyelocele forms a swelling under the skin and the condition is usually associated with a severe neurological disturbance with loss of function in the legs and bladder. Folic acid taken just before, and during the first few weeks of, pregnancy can eliminate this disaster.

me·nin·go·my·e·lo·cele

(mĕ-ning'gō-mī'ĕ-lō-sēl)
Protrusion of meninges and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column.
[meningo- + G. myelos, marrow, + kēlē, tumor]

meningomyelocele

(məning´gəmī´ələsēl´),
n a saclike cyst containing brain tissue, cerebrospinal fluid, and the meninges that protrudes through a congenital defect in the skull.

meningomyelocele

hernial protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through a defect in the vertebral column, often spina bifida.
References in periodicals archive ?
A fetus with mature lungs are thirty-four weeks' gestation has hydrocephalus with "moderate head enlargement" and a lumber meningomyelocele of unknown extent.
Characteristics of children with spina bifida n (%) Type Meningomyelocele 34 (85) Meningocele 6 (15) Anatomic location Thoracic 3 (7.
To see the relevance of this point forneonatal decisions, consider a debate over how aggressively to treat an infant born with a high meningomyelocele and hydrocephalus.
Satisfaction with sexual life among persons with traumatic spinal cord injury and meningomyelocele.
Classification of dysraphism Cranial Open Anencephaly (and occasional encephaloceles) Closed Encephalocele; cranial dermal sinus Spinal Open Spina bifida aperta: myelomeningocele/ meningomyelocele Closed Spina bifida occulta
At the time of second-trimester anatomic ultrasound, any major fetal structural anomaly (such as a cardiac defect, omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernia, duodenal or esophageal atresia, renal abnormalities, clubbed or rocker-bottom feet, holoprosencephaly, meningomyelocele, and/or proboscis) should prompt immediate consultation with a genetic specialist, as these findings have been associated with trisomy.
The NTDs were anencephaly (4), encephalocele (5), and meningomyelocele (8).
For example, in the case of a meningomyelocele they propose a vaginal delivery if the defect is less than 4 cm, intact, in the lumbosacral region, and if the baby is in a cephalic presentation or there are other lethal anomalies.