melittin


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mel·it·tin

(mel'i-tin),
The principal component in bee venom; melittin is a peptide amide containing 26 amino acyl residues and is a hemolysin.
[G. melitta, bee, + -in]

melittin

A 26-residue polypeptide which bears the toxic and haemolytic components of bee venom. It inhibits Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II, myosin light-chain kinase, Na+/K+-ATPase (synaptosomal membrane) and protein kinase C; it lyses cell membranes.

melittin

one of the toxic peptides in bee sting.
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Total quantity or scope: Bait from ground spraying 631 500 olive trees in Laconia regional unit for 3 sprays into local communities Kallithea Polovitsas, Molai Oars, Metamorphosis, Agios Nikolaos melittin, svelte, Myrsini.
New York dermatologist Dr Jeannette Graf, told Vogue that melittin could potentially help those with rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis (MS), skin lesions, and chronic hives.
Bee venom and melittin exhibited a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity against 51 strains of both Gram-positive and Gram- negative bacteria with strong anti-MRSA and anti-VRE activity (MIC values between 6 and 800 [micro]g/ml).
Melittin a toxin present in bee venom is responsible for pain.
Although melittin degrades cell membranes, these vaginal cells were largely unperturbed by the treatment because the nanoparticles holding the melittin come equipped with protective structures on the outside.
The principal ingredient of bee venom, melittin, 'drills' a hole in the virus envelope, and disables it by essentially skinning it alive.
Antimicrobial peptides melittin and cecropin inhibit replication of human immunodeficiency virus 1 by suppressing viral gene expression.
European hornet venom contains many pharmacologically active constituents including melittin, hyaluronidase, apamin, bradykinin, histamine, serotonin, dopamine, noradrenaline and phospholipase A (8).
Comparisons were made between melittin and erythromycin, tetracycline, penicillin, ampicillin, and vancomycin.
The melittin found in bee venom, for instance, has been shown to have anti-cancer properties.
Danger rating: 8/10 BEE (APIDAE) Description: Small flying creature which lives in colonies and produces honey Hazard: Bee stings contain venom which includes the toxin melittin and histamine which contribute to pain and itching.