melanophore


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Related to melanophore: chromatophore

mel·a·no·phore

(mel'ă-nō-fōr'),
A dermal pigment cell that does not secrete its pigment granules but participates in rapid color changes by intracellular aggregation and dispersal of melanosomes; it is well developed in fish, amphibians, and reptiles, but absent in humans.
[melano- + G. phoros, bearing]

melanophore

/mel·a·no·phore/ (-for″) a pigment cell containing melanin, especially such a cell in fishes, amphibians, and reptiles.

melanophore

(mĕl′ə-nə-fôr′, mə-lăn′ə-)
n.
A brown or black melanin-containing chromatophore found in the skin of a fish, amphibian, or reptile.

melanophore

A melanocyte that contains eumelanin, found in lower animals, which has contractile properties that cause the translocation of melanosomes, resulting in rapid adaptive changes in colouration.

mel·a·no·phore

(mel'ă-nō-fōr')
A dermal pigment cell that does not secrete its pigment granules but participates in rapid color changes by intracellular aggregation and dispersal of melanosomes; it is well developed in fish, amphibians, and reptiles, but absent in humans.
[melano- + G. phoros, bearing]

melanophore

or

melanocyte

a type of pigment cell (or CHROMATOPHORE) that contains the pigment melanin, usually found in the skin of animals. It has a protective or camouflage function.

melanophore

a pigment cell containing melanin, especially such a cell from fish, amphibians and reptiles.
References in periodicals archive ?
Morphological features, including the development of the opercular complex and head spination, the sequence of development of meristic characters, and the position and relative size of the melanophores in preflexion, flexion, and postflexion larvae, allowed reconstruction of a developmental series and identification of the remaining individuals studied as A.
Mature females are very similar in colour to males, melanophores on dorsum suggestive of short bars with clusters along midline and series of subcutaneous spots along base of anal fin.
Several small star-shaped melanophores form a line along the ventral margin of the intestinal sac, nine similar melanophores are present on the left side of the gut, and three or four melanophores are present on the left side of the conical appendix (Fig.
Similar melanophores are present on the fins and on the posterior margins of the scales on the body.
Larvae of northern sculpin have 35-36 myomeres, pelvic fins with one spine and two rays, a bony preopercular shelf, four preopercular spines, 3-14 irregular postanal ventral melanophores, few, if any, melanophores ventrally on the gut, and in larger specimens, two rows of ctenoid scales directly beneath the dorsal fins extending onto the caudal peduncle.
5) From 11 to 15 DAH: Larvae swim well and have maneuverability, dorsal end of notochord is a little bent upward, there are bony rays in homocercal caudal fin, a mass of melanophores increases on caudal fin, dorsal fin is developed from embryonic fin wrinkle.
Sparse melanophores appeared in the eye surrounding the lens and along the dorsal midline, nape, and gut (Table 1; Fig.
The melanophores along the dorsal surface of the gut in Pholis spp.
curacao larvae described by Baldwin & Smith (2003: 646, Figs 1, 17A), including the presence of approximately five large melanophores on the ventral midline along the posterior portion of the trunk, one large melanophore around the anus, six large melanophores along the dorsal midline and internal melanophores along the myosepta of the epaxial and hypaxial musculature.
Small melanophores are present along the ventral midline of the gut; one melanophore on the isthmus immediately anterior to the cleithral symphysis, usually three (range: 2-4) melanophores between the cleithral symphysis and pelvic-fin base, and usually three (range: 1-4) melanophores between the pelvic-fin base and the anus.