caput medusae

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caput

 [kap´ut] (pl. cap´ita) (L.)
anatomical terminology for the expanded or chief extremity of an organ or part.
caput medu´sae the dilated cutaneous veins around the umbilicus, seen mainly in the newborn and in patients suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
caput succeda´neum localized edema, congestion, and petechiae on the fetal and newborn scalp (presenting part), crossing the suture lines.

ca·put me·du·sae

1. varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome;
2. dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa head
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]

caput medusae

[mədo̅o̅′sē]
Etymology: L, head of Medusa, a mythical snake-haired Gorgon
a pattern of dilated cutaneous veins radiating from the umbilical area of a newborn. The feature is also observed in adults with cirrhosis of the liver with portal hypertension.
A term of art referring to the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein—falciparum ligament in portal hypertension—which is most commonly seen in advanced cirrhosis, and is accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, and patent hepatic veins

caput medusae

Medusa head Hepatology A term for the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein–falciparum ligament in portal HTN, most common in advanced alcoholic cirrhosis, and accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, patent hepatic veins

ca·put me·du·sae

(kap'ŭt me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa's head.
[Medusa, G. mythical character]

ca·put me·du·sae

(ka'put me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]
Enlarge picture
CAPUT MEDUSAE: Prominent superficial abdominal veins seen on a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

caput medusae

A plexus of dilated veins around the umbilicus, seen in patients with portal hypertension (usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver). It may be seen in newborns.
See: illustration
See also: caput

caput medusae

A conspicuous whorl of large veins sometimes seen radiating from the navel in CIRRHOSIS of the liver. This is an attempt to provide a shunt (collateral circulation) around obstructed liver veins. The Gorgon, Medusa, had snakes instead of hair, hence the name.

Medusa,

in Greek mythology, a Gorgon who turned men to stone.
caput Medusae - (1) varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus; - (2) dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis. Synonym(s): head of Medusa
head of Medusa - Synonym(s): caput Medusae
References in periodicals archive ?
The white marble sculpture of the Medusa's head will be returned on Monday to the Algerian Culture Minister Khalida Toumi at a ceremony in Tunis, a ministry spokeswoman said.
Point out that instead of hair, Medusa's head is covered with poisonous snakes.
31) The Medusa's head is in this respect an emblem for the educator's control over the irrational and incomprehensible.
Freud argues that the Medusa's head may evoke castration anxiety in yet another way: as a symbol of female genitalia.
The Medusa's Head islands encompass 8 different revenue generating land areas.
You simply unveil it like Medusa's head and turn all discussion into stone.
These are meant to be neat, decorous spears but in their compromised condition are more comparable to the unmanageable snakes on Medusa's head.
Great Yarmouth Sea Life Centre has given its mighty ocean tank a major facelift and added a spectacular 10ft-high Medusa's head as a central feature.
But not all of Chihuly's pieces look quite so passive and comfortable among their neighbours at Kew: a giant Sun comprising 1000 spiralling tentacles towers over you like a huge Medusa's head, writhing chandeliers hang from the ceilings of the hot houses, a string of huge balloons tumbles towards you in the Temperate House, and a small boat explodes with baubles and streamers.
10) As far as Astor's new floor was concerned, the colour scheme may well have been governed by the older encaustic floor, and the overtly classical design radiating around a Medusa's head could have seemed old-fashioned and perhaps lacking in taste.
Hence the introduction of the unusual Medusa's Head display which North Walesbased lens maker Hoya is sending out to opticians.
To an audience within feminism - accustomed to the labrys and the Medusa's head as motifs for jewelry - the shock has worn off, and the images' potential as recognition signals is weightier than their power to cry out against injustice.