caput medusae

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caput

 [kap´ut] (pl. cap´ita) (L.)
anatomical terminology for the expanded or chief extremity of an organ or part.
caput medu´sae the dilated cutaneous veins around the umbilicus, seen mainly in the newborn and in patients suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
caput succeda´neum localized edema, congestion, and petechiae on the fetal and newborn scalp (presenting part), crossing the suture lines.

ca·put me·du·sae

1. varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome;
2. dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa head
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]

caput medusae

[mədo̅o̅′sē]
Etymology: L, head of Medusa, a mythical snake-haired Gorgon
a pattern of dilated cutaneous veins radiating from the umbilical area of a newborn. The feature is also observed in adults with cirrhosis of the liver with portal hypertension.
A term of art referring to the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein—falciparum ligament in portal hypertension—which is most commonly seen in advanced cirrhosis, and is accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, and patent hepatic veins

caput medusae

Medusa head Hepatology A term for the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein–falciparum ligament in portal HTN, most common in advanced alcoholic cirrhosis, and accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, patent hepatic veins

ca·put me·du·sae

(kap'ŭt me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa's head.
[Medusa, G. mythical character]

ca·put me·du·sae

(ka'put me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]
Enlarge picture
CAPUT MEDUSAE: Prominent superficial abdominal veins seen on a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

caput medusae

A plexus of dilated veins around the umbilicus, seen in patients with portal hypertension (usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver). It may be seen in newborns.
See: illustration
See also: caput

caput medusae

A conspicuous whorl of large veins sometimes seen radiating from the navel in CIRRHOSIS of the liver. This is an attempt to provide a shunt (collateral circulation) around obstructed liver veins. The Gorgon, Medusa, had snakes instead of hair, hence the name.

Medusa,

in Greek mythology, a Gorgon who turned men to stone.
caput Medusae - (1) varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus; - (2) dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis. Synonym(s): head of Medusa
head of Medusa - Synonym(s): caput Medusae
References in periodicals archive ?
Although in this book Perseus uses Medusa's head to turn other warriors into marble--Thesceleus, ('utque manu iaculum fatale parabat mittere, in hoc haesit signum de mar-more gestu,'5.
But while Andromeda is curious, and thus risks becoming a bad example, she is satisfied with looking at the Medusa's head in the water and resists the temptation to look at it directly.
Freud argues that the Medusa's head may evoke castration anxiety in yet another way: as a symbol of female genitalia.
6) It was the very role devoted to the Medusa's head on Athena's aegis, and this prompts Baring and Cashford to ask, "Is it perhaps the quality of self-disciplined awareness in Athena that can transform the terrifying face of instinct into a protective shield?
Great Yarmouth Sea Life Centre has given its mighty ocean tank a major facelift and added a spectacular 10ft-high Medusa's head as a central feature.
But not all of Chihuly's pieces look quite so passive and comfortable among their neighbours at Kew: a giant Sun comprising 1000 spiralling tentacles towers over you like a huge Medusa's head, writhing chandeliers hang from the ceilings of the hot houses, a string of huge balloons tumbles towards you in the Temperate House, and a small boat explodes with baubles and streamers.
Under a Medusa's head, an engraving entitled 'L'Anarchie' (September 1793) simultaneously announced and denounced the new bloodletting by listing executions to come.
Medusa's head actually retained its killing gaze, and Perseus was known to bring it out at state functions thrown by people he didn't like very much.
In "Teaching High School in Greece," for instance, the speaker confesses, "I'm here / in the fire of an idea, on a wave of fear and doubt" and is certain that the snake students leave on his desk is no ordinary serpent, but one from the mythic gorgon Medusa's head.
Hence the introduction of the unusual Medusa's Head display which North Walesbased lens maker Hoya is sending out to opticians.
The Christian Coalition is one of the most overrated forces in America, its main role being to give Frank Rich something to write about and to supply a Medusa's head to keep liberals in line behind Clinton and Gore.
To an audience within feminism - accustomed to the labrys and the Medusa's head as motifs for jewelry - the shock has worn off, and the images' potential as recognition signals is weightier than their power to cry out against injustice.