medulla


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Related to medulla: adrenal medulla

medulla

 [mĕ-dul´ah] (L.)
1. the inmost part of a structure or organ.
3. marrow. adj., adj med´ullary.
adrenal medulla the inner portion of the adrenal gland, where epinephrine and norepinephrine are produced.
medulla of bone bone marrow.
medulla oblonga´ta that part of the hindbrain continuous with the pons above and the spinal cord below; it houses nerve centers for both motor and sensory nerves, where such functions as breathing and the beating of the heart are controlled. See also brain.
medulla os´sium bone marrow.
renal medulla the inner part of the substance of the kidney, composed chiefly of collecting tubules, and organized into a group of structures called the renal pyramids.
medulla spina´lis (medulla spina´lis) spinal cord.
medulla of thymus the central portion of each lobule of the thymus; it contains many more reticular cells and far fewer lymphocytes than does the surrounding cortex.

me·dul·la

, pl.

me·dul·lae

(me-dūl'ă, me-dūl'ē), [TA]
Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part.
See also: medulla oblongata.
Synonym(s): substantia medullaris (1)
[L. marrow, fr. medius, middle]

medulla

/me·dul·la/ (mĕ-dul´ah) pl. medul´lae   [L.] the innermost part; marrow.
adrenal medulla , medulla of adrenal gland the inner, reddish brown, soft part of the adrenal gland; it synthesizes, stores, and releases catecholamines.
medulla of bone  bone marrow.
medulla oblonga´ta  that part of the brainstem continuous with the pons above and the spinal cord below.
medulla os´sium  bone marrow.
renal medulla  the inner part of the kidney substance, composed chiefly of collecting elements, Henle's loops, and vasa recta, organized grossly into pyramids.
spinal medulla , medulla spina´lis spinal cord.
medulla of thymus  the central portion of each lobule of the thymus; it contains many more reticular cells and far fewer lymphocytes than does the surrounding cortex.

medulla

(mĭ-dŭl′ə)
n. pl. me·dullas or me·dullae (-dŭl′ē)
1. The inner core of certain organs or body structures, such as the marrow of bone.
2. The medulla oblongata.
3. See myelin.
4. Botany
a. The pith in the stems or roots of certain plants.
b. The central portion of a thallus in certain lichens and red or brown algae.

me·dul′lar, med′ul·lar′y (mĕd′l-ĕr′ē, mə-dŭl′ə-rē) adj.

medulla

[mədul′ə] pl. medullas, medullae
Etymology: L, marrow
1 the most internal part of a structure or organ, such as the renal medulla.

medulla

(1) Bone marrow.
(2) Medulla oblongata [NA6].
(3) Medulla of… (e.g., ovary, thymus, lymph node).

me·dul·la

, pl. medullae (me-dŭl'ă, -ē) [TA]
Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part.
See also: medulla oblongata
Synonym(s): substantia medullaris (1) .

medulla

(me-dul'a, dul') plural.medullae [L. medulla, marrow, pith]
1. Marrow (1).
2. In anatomy, the innermost or central portion of an organ in contrast to the cortex.
3. The caudal segment of the hindbrain. Synonym: medulla oblongata; bulb (2)
4. The medulla ossium. medullary (med'ul-er?e, mej?), adjective
Enlarge picture
ADRENAL MEDULLA

adrenal medulla

The central tissue of the adrenal gland. It is filled with pheochromocytes, which are derived from the neural crest and resemble postsynaptic sympathetic ganglion cells. In response to stimulation by presynaptic sympathetic axons, the pheochromocytes secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine into the bloodstream. See: illustration
See: adrenal gland

medulla of hair

The central axis of a hair.

medulla of kidneys

See: pyramid, renal

medulla nephrica

See: pyramid, renal

medulla oblongata

Medulla (3).

medulla ossium

Marrow (1).

medulla of ovary

The central portion of the ovary, composed of loose connective tissue, blood vessels, lymphatics, and nerves.

medulla spinalis

The spinal cord.

medulla

1. The inner part of an organ, especially of the kidney, the adrenal and the shaft of long bones. Compare CORTEX.
2. The MYELIN layer of nerve fibres. See also MEDULLA OBLONGATA.

medulla

  1. the central part of an animal organ, such as the brain, adrenal gland, or kidney
  2. see PITH.

me·dul·la

, pl. medullae (me-dŭl'ă, -ē) [TA]
Any soft marrowlike structure, especially in the center of a part.
Synonym(s): substantia medullaris (1) .

medulla

pl. medullae [L.] the central or inner portion of an organ.

adrenal medulla
the inner portion of the adrenal gland, where epinephrine is produced.
medulla of bone
bone marrow, contained in the medullary canal of bone.
medulla oblongata
that part of the hindbrain continuous with the pons anteriorly and the spinal cord posteriorly; it houses nerve centers for both motor and sensory nerves, where such functions as breathing and the beating of the heart are controlled. Called also myelencephalon. In animals the principal clinical manifestations of local lesions in the medulla are those of head rotation and circling, and facial and tongue paralysis with resulting difficulty in prehension and swallowing. With diffuse lesions spastic paralysis or a stiff-legged incoordination occurs.
medulla ossium
bone marrow.
renal medulla
the inner part of the substance of the kidney, composed chiefly of collecting tubules, and in some species organized into a group of structures called the renal pyramids.
spinal medulla, medulla spinalis
spinal cord.
medulla of thymus
the central portion of each lobule of the thymus; it contains many more reticular cells and far fewer lymphocytes than does the surrounding cortex.
References in periodicals archive ?
Human hair can be distinguished from other animal hair by examining features, such as scale pattern, medulla, root, color, hair length, and shaft configurations.
With Medulla, Bjork reaches a new milestone in her journey inward.
The arrangement of the tubular vasculature in the medulla helps to produce a concentrated or dilute urine by creating a counter current exchange.
Number of the nuclei of epithelioreticular cells was counted in the medulla of thymus under oil immersion lens using grid in a unit area at three randomly selected fields of a section.
Brainstem reflex abnormalities suggest that the functional integrity in the lateral caudal pons and lateral medulla oblongata is impaired.
Lesions can involve the substantia nigra, periaqueductal gray matter within the midbrain, inferior colliculus, inferior olivary nuclei, inferior cerebellar peduncles, medulla, solitary tract in the medulla, central tegmental tract and reticular formation in the dorsal pons.
Strick and his colleagues demonstrated that the control of the adrenal medulla originates from multiple cortical areas.
For analysis of superficial differences between different zones of cortex and medulla, the remaining hemi-adrenals were cut at half in transversal plane and the halves of each hemi-adrenal were fixed in 2.
Hypoxia in the renal medulla is a hallmark of AKI of diverse causative factors.
A hole in skull surface was drilled for lateral ventricle injections, or the dorsal surface of the medulla was surgically exposed for RVLM microinjections.
Moreover, they develop only on one third of the medulla of ovaries, which is associated with the ingrowth of the connective tissue in the medulla and cortex across the greater area of the ovary.
Catecholamines (adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA)) are released from sympathetic nervous fibers endings (NA) and adrenal medulla (A and NA) (1, 2).