medication error


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medication error

any incorrect or wrongful administration of a medication, such as a mistake in dosage or route of administration, failure to prescribe or administer the correct drug or formulation for a particular disease or condition, use of outdated drugs, failure to observe the correct time for administration of the drug, or lack of awareness of adverse effects of certain drug combinations. Causes of medication error may include difficulty in reading handwritten orders, confusion about different drugs with similar names, and lack of information about a patient's drug allergies or sensitivities. When the nurse is in doubt, administration of a drug should be delayed until specifically authorized by a physician.

medication error

Any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient or consumer. The patient must actually receive the drug for it to be classified as a medication error.

Types
Prescribing, omission, unauthorised drug, improper dose, deteriorated drug, compliance error.

medication error

Malpractice An error in the type of medication administered or dosage. See Adverse effect, Error.

med·i·ca·tion er·ror

(med'i-kā'shŭn er'ŏr)
Incorrect administration of a medication. May be due to incorrect dosage, drug, patient, time or route of administration, or interaction between incompatible medications.
References in periodicals archive ?
CLEVELAND, March 4, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Medication errors are happening right now, somewhere.
Medication error is a significant problem in health care in many countries.
Lyle Bootman, dean of the University of Arizona College of Pharmacy and cochair of the IOM Committee on Identifying and Preventing Medication Errors, which produced the report.
In fact, errors stemming from computer entry errors were the fifth most common cause of medication errors.
Few studies have been conducted regarding types of medication errors committed in long term care.
The group found 350 medication errors nationwide - 15 of them fatal - during a recent 11-month period.
Given the recent report from the Institute of Medicine that medication errors in all settings harm, injure or kill more than 1.
Both companies have a wealth of medication error and ADR knowledge that can be used to help improve the state of patient safety throughout the world.
It would seem logical that applying computer technology to the medication-use process would have a significant positive impact in preventing medication errors," says Diane Cousins, vice president of USP's Center for the Advancement of Patient Safety.
The variability of methods and the variability of the definition of a medication error are reasons why voluntary reporting systems have ended up underreporting," Cousins said.
A key component of the public awareness effort is a tie-in to two non-profit organizations that share First DataBank's mission of medication error prevention.
Breaking down the number of medication error deaths into outpatient and inpatient categories, Phillips said death rates increased for both, but that the "increase was especially marked for outpatients.

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