At the time Mr Justice Geoffrey Lane said he was unable to share medical optimism
about Khannan's future which claimed there was no risk of a repetition.
On a 1969 claim that the book of infectious disease was closed: "The manifest shortsightedness of that view is a measure of the medical optimism
prevalent a generation ago" (491-92).
A fundamental shift needs to take place personally and culturally in regard to what I call "the paradigm of medical optimism.
The paradigm of medical optimism views human beings as fundamentally good and recognizes that pleasure is not inherently "wrong" or "harmful.