medical model


Also found in: Wikipedia.

med·i·cal mod·el

a set of assumptions that views behavioral abnormalities in the same framework as physical disease or abnormalities.

medical model

the traditional approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness as practiced by physicians in the Western world since the time of Koch and Pasteur. The physician focuses on the defect, or dysfunction, within the patient, using a problem-solving approach. The medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests provide the basis for the identification and treatment of a specific illness. The medical model is thus focused on the physical and biological aspects of specific diseases and conditions. Nursing differs from the medical model in that the patient is perceived primarily as a person relating to the environment holistically; nursing care is formulated on the basis of a holistic nursing assessment of all dimensions of the person (physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual) that assumes multiple causes for the problems experienced by the patient. Nursing care then focuses on all dimensions, not just physical.

medical model

Medspeak
See Medical model of health.

Psychiatry
See Medical model of suicide.

med·i·cal mod·el

(med'i-kăl mod'ĕl)
The traditional approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness as practiced by physicians in the Western world; focuses on the defect or dysfunction.

med·i·cal mod·el

(med'i-kăl mod'ĕl)
A set of assumptions that views behavioral abnormalities in the same framework as physical disease or abnormalities.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rather, the explanatory model that has been generated by the success of biological interventions in psychiatry--the medical model of mental health--is examined.
As health care providers during the past decade have begun servicing a more medically acute and amenities-demanding population, the concept of designing long term care facilities with a more homelike environment--and moving away from the circa 1970s medical model with its long corridors, centralized nurses station and stark hospital rooms--has gained momentum.
This book moves beyond the traditional medical model and illustrates the new approach to the healing process.
Career counseling has not been tainted with the mental illness, medical model approach to counseling.
IMC's vision was to adopt a bold strategy to organize and execute an integrative medical model.
We've gone from a medical model in which a doctor diagnoses an illness and the patient then hires a lawyer, to an entrepreneurial model in which clients are recruited by lawyers who then file suit even when there is no real illness," said Kazan.
This paper explores the strengths and weaknesses of the medical model in an effort to promote a counseling perspective that embraces some of the medical models strengths.
The report includes X-ray images of a fish and of a medical model of a hand containing human bones.
Key words: Sex therapy Female sexual dysfunction Medical model Psychological model Biopsychosocial model Paradigm changes
That this classification system and the medical practice of early surgical intervention are likely to change sooner rather than later is attested to by the recent formation of the North American Task Force on Intersex to reevaluate the reigning medical model for intersexuality.
Traditionally, disabilities have been conceptualized and treated in terms of a medical model that focuses on disabled individuals.
Tests showed the skull was human and was very old but was likely to have been from a medical model.

Full browser ?