medical model


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med·i·cal mod·el

a set of assumptions that views behavioral abnormalities in the same framework as physical disease or abnormalities.

medical model

the traditional approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness as practiced by physicians in the Western world since the time of Koch and Pasteur. The physician focuses on the defect, or dysfunction, within the patient, using a problem-solving approach. The medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests provide the basis for the identification and treatment of a specific illness. The medical model is thus focused on the physical and biological aspects of specific diseases and conditions. Nursing differs from the medical model in that the patient is perceived primarily as a person relating to the environment holistically; nursing care is formulated on the basis of a holistic nursing assessment of all dimensions of the person (physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual) that assumes multiple causes for the problems experienced by the patient. Nursing care then focuses on all dimensions, not just physical.

medical model

Medspeak
See Medical model of health.

Psychiatry
See Medical model of suicide.

med·i·cal mod·el

(med'i-kăl mod'ĕl)
The traditional approach to the diagnosis and treatment of illness as practiced by physicians in the Western world; focuses on the defect or dysfunction.

med·i·cal mod·el

(med'i-kăl mod'ĕl)
A set of assumptions that views behavioral abnormalities in the same framework as physical disease or abnormalities.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Medical Assessment Centre has implemented the new medical model which is designed to better support staff in ensuring that patients are seen at the right time, in the right place and by senior staff.
These goals reflect the medical model that the problem is "addiction," which is a "disease" that can be combated through treatment or prevented through vaccines.
However, in light of the historical track record regarding many other pharmacologic/ medical model interventions, rather than having the last word on the subject it has been argued that the larger physician community has yet to redeem itself.
The medical model is a critical piece of any strategy for dealing with the medical components of a disability.
On Loss and Losing: Beyond the Medical Model of Personal Distress.
Where the traditional medical model for treating thyroid fails, Functional Medicine thrives in targeting the source of thyroid disorder.
IN THE United States, primary care remains a medical model.
The next step is processing these data, which is a very complex and important step, which the quality of the final medical model depends on it.
Nurses, Noble concluded, will have to defend and support the nursing model of care, because it is the nursing model, and not the medical model, that truly works in health care.
This is opposed to the medical model that sees the person's impairment as the cause of disability: the onus is on the person with a disability to adapt to society instead of society adapting to them.
In the absence of evidence or any rational discourse to support this worldview, it seems paradoxical to pursue the medical model of illness when the medical model appears to be making some steps towards moving to holistic principles of healing.

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