Mediastinal lipomatosis (ML) is a rare condition caused by excessive fat accumulation in the mediastinum (1).
Mediastinal lipomatosis is a rare complication of systemic steroids and was described by Koerner and Sun (1) in 1966 for the first time.
The diagnosis of mediastinal lipomatosis is generally made by observation of mediastinal enlargement on chest graphy and demonstration of intensity changes related to fat on CT or MR imaging.
Mediastinal lipomatosis secondary to steroid therapy.
Nguyen KQ, Hoeffel C, Le LH, Phan HT Mediastinal lipomatosis.
Spontaneous hemomediastinum complicating steroid-induced mediastinal lipomatosis.
Anesthetic considerations in steroid-induced mediastinal lipomatosis.
Unusual cause of right ventricular outflow tract compression: mediastinal lipomatosis.
In addition, 5 years before this admission, a computed tomographic (CT) scan performed after an abnormal chest radiograph revealed anterior mediastinal lipomatosis.
CT scan, however, revealed extensive mediastinal lipomatosis, with compression but no invasion of adjacent structures.