mechanoreceptor


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Related to mechanoreceptor: chemoreceptor, thermoreceptor

mechanoreceptor

 [mek″ah-no-re-sep´ter]
a nerve ending sensitive to mechanical pressures or distortions, as those responding to touch and muscle contractions.

mech·a·no·re·cep·tor

(mek'ă-nō-rē-sep'tŏr),
A receptor that responds to mechanical pressure or distortion; for example, receptors in the carotid sinuses, touch receptors in the skin.
Synonym(s): mechanicoreceptor

mechanoreceptor

/mech·a·no·re·cep·tor/ (mek″ah-no-re-sep´ter) a receptor that is excited by mechanical pressures or distortions, as those responding to touch and muscular contractions.

mechanoreceptor

(mĕk′ə-nō-rĭ-sĕp′tər)
n.
A specialized sensory end organ that responds to mechanical stimuli such as tension, pressure, or displacement.

mech′a·no·re·cep′tion n.
mech′a·no·re·cep′tive adj.

mechanoreceptor

[mek′ənō′risep′tər]
Etymology: Gk, mechane, machine; L, recipere, to receive
any sensory nerve ending that responds to mechanical stimuli, such as touch, pressure, sound, and muscular contractions. See also proprioceptor.

mechanoreceptor

A sensory receptor that responds to a mechanical stimulus (e.g., pressure or distortion).
 
Examples
Meissner's corpuscles, Merkel's discs, Pacinian corpuscles, Ruffini endings.

mech·a·no·re·cep·tor

(mekă-nō-rĕ-septŏr)
A receptor that responds to mechanical pressure or distortion; e.g., receptors in the carotid sinuses, touch receptors in the skin.

mechanoreceptor

A sensory receptor that responds preferentially to physical deformation such as stretching, twisting, compressing or bending.

mechanoreceptor

a sensory structure that receives mechanical stimuli such as sound, pressure, movement, etc. See, for example, PROPRIOCEPTOR.

mechanoreceptor (mi·kanˈ·ō·ri·sepˑ·tr),

n a sense receptor activated by mechanical pressure (e.g., touch, massage) or distortion (e.g., muscle tension).

mech·a·no·re·cep·tor

(mekă-nō-rĕ-septŏr)
Receptor that responds to mechanical pressure, e.g., receptors in the carotid sinuses.

mechanoreceptor,

n a sensory nerve ending that responds to mechanical stimuli, such as touch, pressure, sound, and muscular contraction.

mechanoreceptor

a nerve-ending sensitive to mechanical pressures or distortions, such as those responding to touch and muscle contractions.

cutaneous mechanoreceptor
touch, pain, temperature, pressure receptors are defined in human skin; also some touch sensors which are stimulated only by firm pressure over a long period.
References in periodicals archive ?
Head: Antenna with postpedicel slightly longer than width of eye; stylus comprising only spine-like apical mechanoreceptor.
Its lead technology enhances the function of mechanoreceptor cells involved in sensory perception as a means of restoring brain function following stroke, improving elderly balance, and addressing complications resulting from diabetic neuropathy.
Like Ebig et al (1997), Johnson and Johnson (1993) have argued strongly against any mechanoreceptor impairment in ankle sprain injuries on the basis of their reflex response time data.
Its lead technology enhances the function of mechanoreceptor cells involved in sensory perception as a means of restoring brain function following stroke, addressing complications resulting from diabetic neuropathy, and improving elderly balance.
Human skin contains thousands of tactile sensory units only in the fingertip and a spider has hundreds of mechanoreceptors on each leg, but even a state-of-the-art humanoid such as NASA's Robonaut has only 42 sensors in its hand and wrist.
LAS VEGAS, July 31, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- John Hopkins University Krieger Brain Institute research has found 3000 mechanoreceptors, located just under the skin of each fingertip.
10) Various studies have revealed the presence of mechanoreceptors, which are concentrated in the meniscal horns, that provide afferent feedback to allow for proprioceptive signaling and responsive joint stability.
These structures are cuticular extensions, with shafts of different shapes and sizes, that can function as mechanoreceptors and/or chemoreceptors.
Haptic information refers to the kinesthetic and cutaneous input from mechanoreceptors within the muscles, joints, and skin of the fingers and arms.
A cadaveric study showed a small number of free nerve endings in the fibro-cartilage tissue of the peripheral half of the labrum, with no evidence for mechanoreceptors (Vangsness et al 1995).
Even though Kt might contribute to increase cutaneous feedback, it seems that it plays only a minimal role in JPS (15) because cutaneous ankle mechanoreceptors may rapidly accommodate and not provide useful information during repeated movements.
This output from the tractor is going to be integrated by the skin mechanoreceptors of the skin of the amputee and will provide a proprioceptive feedback status of the prosthesis which will be integrated subconsciously by the human and taken into account at the next commanding signal stemming from the position, velocity and force of the contracted muscletendon complex.