mecamylamine


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Related to mecamylamine: Mecamylamine hydrochloride, Trimethaphan

mecamylamine

 [mek″ah-mil´ah-min]
a ganglionic blocking agent administered orally as the hydrochloride salt as an antihypertensive agent.

mecamylamine

/mec·a·myl·amine/ (mek″ah-mil´ah-min) a ganglionic blocking agent used in the form of the hydrochloride salt as an antihypertensive.

mecamylamine

A nonselective and noncompetitive ganglion-blocker once used to treat severe malignant hypertension. Mecamylamine binds ± 1/2 of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors; it may be effective in smoking cessation and can be used with nicotine replacement therapy (e.g., gum or patches). It may reduce tics and rage reactions in Tourette syndrome.

mecamylamine

Substance abuse A ganglion-blocker approved for HTN, possibly smoking cessation, to be used with nicotine replacement therapy–eg, gum or patches; it may ↓ tics and rage reactions in children with Tourette's syndrome. See Nicotine replacement therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mecamylamine modifies the pharmacokinetics and reinforcing effects of alcohol.
However, Targacept will move forward with development not of mecamylamine, but of its S-enantiomer, as a treatment for depression.
Conducted additional preparatory activities for the potential clinical development of TC-5214, an enantiomer of mecamylamine hydrochloride;
Mecamylamine is a nicotine-receptor antagonist that was approved by the Food and Drug Administration as an antihypertensive drug in the 1950s.
When mecamylamine (pronounced MEH-kuh-MIL-LUH-meen) is used by itself, it can cause drowsiness and dizziness, and by blocking cigarettes' effect, can also make smokers crave nicotine.
In the present study, we assessed the relative contributions of four distinct mechanisms in the developmental neurotoxicity of organophosphates by examining the ability of targeted therapies to ameliorate the effects of CPF: the combination of atropine plus mecamylamine (antagonists toward muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, respectively); nicotine, which both stimulates and desensitizes nicotinic receptors but also has prooxidant and antioxidant characteristics (Gitto et al.
Mecamylamine is now being studied by the Tampa group for disorders that could benefit from stress reduction and impulse control, including bipolar disorder, he told this newspaper.
1 mg/24 hr Q7 days (TTS) Doxazosin (*) Cardura 1 mg QD or QHS Guanabenz (*) Wytensin 4mg BID Guanadrel Hylorel 5 mg BID Guanethidine (*) Ismelin 10 mg QD Guanfacine (*) Tenex 1 mg QHS Mecamylamine Inversine 2.
Hopkins on the treatment of tobacco dependence did not address mecamylamine ("Smoking Cessation June 1, 2001, p.
Because chlorpyrifos can cause adverse effects by allowing acetylcholine to build up at nerve endings, the scientists tested two receptor agonists, atropine (which blocks muscarinic receptors) and mecamylamine (which blocks nicotinic receptors).
Chi and de Wit (2003) found that social drinkers who were treated with mecamylamine experienced lesser euphoric and stimulant-like effects after consuming alcohol than they normally did.
In laboratory rats, chronic treatment with nicotine increases the reinforcing and dopamine-enhancing effects of alcohol, and these effects are blocked by the nicotinic receptor antagonist mecamylamine (for a review, see Larsson and Engel 2004).