mayapple

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A perennial herb once used as an anthelmintic, emetic, purgative, and liver tonic; its marked purgative activity precludes its therapeutic use; a semisynthetic derivative, etoposide, is used to treat cancers
Toxicity Dermatitis, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, severe gastroenteritis, and possibly death; mayapple is regarded by the FDA as ‘unsafe’

mayapple (māˈ·aˑ·pl),

n Latin name:
Podophyllum peltatum; part used: rhizome; uses: snakebites, poisoning, laxative, wart removal; precautions: pregnancy, children, gallbladder disease, elderly, hypersensitivity, intestinal obstruction, dia-betes; can cause confusion, headache, dizziness, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, ataxia, apnea, shortness of breath, altered consciousness, numbness. Also called
American mandrake, devil's-apple, ground lemon, mandrake, wild mandrake, wild lemon, Indian apple, racoon berry, umbrella plant, duck's foot, and
hog apple. See also mandrake.

mayapple

References in periodicals archive ?
Like pears and apples, mayapple patches with their shiny, umbrella-like leaves, catch the eye of turkey hunters in the spring, while the banana-like aroma of ripe pawpaws can be detected even by the inferior sense of smell we humans possess.
Organ preformation in mayapple as a mechanism for historical effects on demography.
Fruit and seed set in mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum): Influence of intraspecific factors and local enhancement near Pedicularis canadensis.
At age 10, I knew where the pipsissewa came up in spring, where the wild azalea bloomed, where to look for mayapples and mint.
Mayapples bloomed earlier on the burn than in any other nearby area, and Dutchman's breeches and bloodroot were unquestionably healthy.