marasmus


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marasmus

 [mah-raz´mus]
a form of protein-calorie malnutrition occurring chiefly in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle, but usually with retention of appetite and mental alertness. It is considered to be related to kwashiorkor. Infectious disease may be a precipitating factor. adj., adj maran´tic, maras´mic.

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs),
Cachexia, especially in young children, primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.
[G. marasmos, withering]

marasmus

/ma·ras·mus/ (mah-raz´mus) a form of protein-energy malnutrition predominantly due to prolonged severe caloric deficit, chiefly occurring in the first year of life, with growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle.maran´ticmaras´mic

marasmus

(mə-răz′məs)
n.
A progressive wasting of the body, occurring chiefly in young children and associated with insufficient intake or malabsorption of food.

ma·ras′mic adj.

marasmus

[məraz′məs]
Etymology: Gk, marasmos, a wasting
a condition of extreme malnutrition and emaciation, occurring chiefly in young children. It is characterized by progressive wasting of subcutaneous tissue and muscle. Marasmus results from a lack of adequate calories and proteins and is seen in children with failure to thrive and in individuals in a state of starvation. Less commonly it results from an inability to assimilate or use protein because of a defect in metabolism. Care of the marasmic child involves the reestablishment of fluid and electrolyte balance, followed by the slow and gradual addition of foods as they are tolerated. See also kwashiorkor.
enlarge picture
The child on the right exhibits marked muscle wasting with no oedema, characteristic of marasmus

marasmus

A state of severe malnutrition due to reduced ingestion of protein and calories, which can be as a result of poor diet, eating habits, parent-child relationship or metabolic defects.

Clinical findings
Failure to thrive, weight loss, emaciation, decreased skin turgor, skin and muscle atrophy; children have a wizened appearance, are listless, have abdominal distension and oedema, “starvation stools”, hypotonia, hypothermia, and reduced rates of metabolism.

marasmus

A state of severe malnutrition, due to ↓ ingestion of protein and calories, due to poor diet, feeding habits, parent-child relationship or metabolic defects Clinical FTT, weight loss, emaciation, ↓ skin turgor, skin and muscle atrophy; children are wizened, listless, abdominal distension and edema, 'starvation stools', hypotonia, hypothermia, ↓ metabolism. Cf Kwashiorkor.

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs)
Cachexia, especially in young children, primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.
Synonym(s): Parrot disease (2) .

marasmus

A state of wasting or emaciation from starvation, usually in infants. There is weakness, irritability, dry skin and, unless rapidly corrected by feeding, retardation of growth and of mental development.

Marasmus

Severe malnutritution in children caused by a diet lacking in calories as well as protein. Marasmus may also be caused by disease and parasitic infection.
Mentioned in: Malnutrition, Starvation

Parrot,

Jules Marie, French physician, 1829-1883.
Bednar-Parrot syndrome - Synonym(s): Parrot I syndrome
Parrot atrophy of the newborn
Parrot nodes - Synonym(s): Parrot sign
Parrot pseudoparalysis - syphilitic osteochondritis in newborns causing pseudoparalysis in one or more extremities. Synonym(s): syphilitic pseudoparalysis
Parrot sign - indicates congenital syphilis in newborns. Synonym(s): Parrot nodes
Parrot I syndrome - pseudoparalysis; periarticular swelling, onset seldom after 3 months of age. Synonym(s): Bednar-Parrot syndrome; Parrot syphilitic osteochondritis
Parrot II syndrome - failure to thrive, emaciation, edema, dry skin, with subcutaneous fat loss, abdomen flat or distended, hypothermia, slow pulse, decreased metabolic rate. Synonym(s): marasmus; infantile atrophy; inanition; athrepsia
Parrot syphilitic osteochondritis - Synonym(s): Parrot I syndrome
Parrot ulcer - seen in stomatitis or thrush

ma·ras·mus

(mă-raz'mŭs)
Cachexia primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories.

marasmus (məraz´mus),

n a wasting disorder of malnutrition and partial starvation which occurs in infants and young children as a result of severe protein deficiency and insufficient caloric intake. See also kwashiorkor.

marasmus

a form of protein-calorie malnutrition characterized by growth retardation and wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle, but usually with retention of appetite and mental alertness. See cobalt nutritional deficiency.
References in periodicals archive ?
adaptation failure, and good adaptation resulting in marasmus.
An autopsy found pneumonia and marasmus - progressive emaciation caused by a lack of food - as causes of her death.
Severe wasting is clinically called marasmus (the word comes from Greek, meaning wasting), which is a condition of chronic semi-starvation resulting from a deficiency in calories.
Its leaves are crushed to make a concoction that treats scurvy and marasmus.
Comment: This old study from the middle of the 20th century speaks of the infant wasting condition called marasmus.
The number of children admitted with kwashiorkor, measles, gastroenteritis and marasmus between 1983 and 1991 (group I) was compared with similar data for the period 1993 - 2002 (group 2).
We need this information to be brought to the attention of these leaders, because each one of them heads a country where help is needed to curb infant and under-five mortality, maternal mortality, micronutrient deficiencies and in some cases kwashiorkor (protein deficiency) and marasmus (acute undernutrition), and in most cases stunting (slow growth).
In the spectrum of PEM including kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic kwashiorkor, some investigators have associated aflatoxins specifically with the development of kwashiorkor alone [6-9].
Her death certificate said she died of cardiac arrest, pneumonia, marasmus (progressive emaciation caused by lack of food) and congenital myotonic dystrophy.
Lindsay's death certificate listed pneumonia and marasmus - progressive emaciation caused by a lack of food - as causes.
Additionally, Indonesia experienced a re-emergence of marasmus, a form of severe protein-energy malnutrition, and kwashiorkor, another form of childhood malnutrition [13].