mandrake


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man·drag·o·ra

(man-drag'ō-ră),
The European mandrake, Mandragora officinalis, or Atropa mandragora (family Solanaceae), the mandrake mentioned in the Bible; its properties are similar to those of stramonium, hyoscyamus, and belladonna.
[G. mandragoras]

mandrake

Herbal medicine
A trivial name given to a family of medicinal herbs of the nightshade family:
(1) Mayapple, see there; Podophyllum peltatum;
(2) A Mediterranean perennial of the nightshade family that contains alkaloids, including hyoscyamine, mandragorin and podophyllin; it was once used as an anaesthetic and sedative. The hyoscyamine in mandrake, which is a deliriant hallucinogenic tropane alkaloid, and the root’s vague resemblance to the naked human body have made it popular in neopagan religions such as Wicca and Germanic revivalism religions such as Odinism.

mandrake,

n Latin name:
Podophyllum peltatum; part used: rhizome; uses: snakebite, poisoning, condyloma acuminata, weakness, tumors, and lymphadenopathy; precautions: pregnancy, children, gallbladder disease, elderly, hypersensitivity, intestinal obstruction, diabetes. Can cause con-fu-sion, headache, dizziness, vomit-ing, anorexia, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hepatotoxicity, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, orthostatic hyptension, ataxia, apnea, shortness of breath, altered consciousness, numbness. Also called
American mandrake, devil's-apple, ground lemon, mandrake, wild mandrake, wild lemon, Indian apple, racoon berry, umbrella plant, duck's foot, and
hog apple. See also mayapple.
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When the mandrake is used as a sleeping draught, the quantity administered should be proportionate to the strength (health) of the patient, a moderate dose being one cyathus (one glass full).
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The mandrake is native to the Mediterranean and produces sweet-smelling, yellow fruit the size of plums.
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