mandibular ramus


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Related to mandibular ramus: mandibular condyle, mandibular angle

mandibular ramus

Etymology: L, mandere, to chew, ramus, branch
a broad quadrilateral part of the mandible projecting upward from the posterior end of the body behind the lower teeth. It has two surfaces, four borders, and two processes.

mandibular ramus

The vertical portion of the mandible.
See also: ramus

man·dib·u·lar ra·mus

(man-dibyū-lăr rāmŭs)
The upturned perpendicular extremity of the mandible on either side; it gives attachment on its lateral surface to the masseter muscle.

ramus

pl. rami [L.] a branch, as of a nerve, vein or artery.

ramus communicans
pl. rami communicantes; a branch connecting two nerves or two arteries.
mandibular ramus
the vertical extension of each half of the mandible that ends at the coronoid process.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sex determination from the mandibular ramus flexure of Koreans by discrimination function analysis using three-dimensional mandible models.
PC-GCUF 09/24 is fairly preserved left mandibular ramus with P2, P4 and M1-3, while P3 is missing (Fig.
USE OF MANDIBULAR RAMUS AS A DONOR SITE FOR ONLAY BONE GRAFTING.
12,13) Furthermore, surgical procedures in the mandibular ramus region for access to neoplasms and for reconstructions frequently require detachment of the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles and often the temporal muscle.
Secondly at the anterior tip of mandibular ramus there is a hollow mark indicating the presence of a canine tooth, while all other characters resemble with the type specimen, described by Pilgrim (1913, 1932) as Hyaena carnifex and Crocuta carnifex respectively.
Height of the mandibular ramus: distance between the deepest point of the mandibular incisure and the deepest part of the antegonial incisure, is measured in the right and left mandibular ramus.
Ramus height (RH): perpendicular distance between the deepest point of the mandibular ramus notch (R1) and the lower border of mandible (R2) as described by Ricketts (1961).
5) It is located between the buccinator muscle medially, the anterior margin of the masseter muscle and the mandibular ramus and zygomatic arch laterally.
Material referred from the Chinji Formation of the Lower Siwaliks: lP2 (PUPC 97/84, Chinji), right broken mandibular ramus with p4-m3 (PUPC 08/01, Chinji).
1) In most cases, the facial asymmetry is caused by hypoplasia or aplasia of the mandibular ramus and condyle along with fusion of the cervical vertebrae.