mandible


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mandible

 [man´dĭ-b'l]
the horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw. adj., adj mandib´ular. It consists of a central portion, which forms the chin and supports the lower teeth, and two perpendicular portions, or rami, which point upward from the back of the chin on either side and articulate with the temporal bones.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bŭl), [TA]
A U-shaped bone (in superior view), forming the lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with the temporal bone on either side.

mandible

/man·di·ble/ (man´dĭ-b'l) the horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw, articulating with the skull at the temporomandibular joint.mandib´ular

mandible

(măn′də-bəl)
n.
1. The lower jaw of a vertebrate animal.
2. Either the upper or lower part of the beak in birds.
3. Any of various mouth organs of invertebrates used for seizing and biting food, especially either of a pair of such organs in insects and other arthropods.

man·dib′u·lar (-dĭb′yə-lər) adj.

mandible

[man′dibəl]
Etymology: L, mandere, to chew
a large U-shaped bone constituting the lower jaw. It contains the lower teeth and consists of a horizontal part, a body, and two perpendicular rami that join the body at almost right angles. The body of the mandible is curved, somewhat resembling a horseshoe, and has two surfaces and two borders. The superior border of the mandible contains sockets for the 16 lower teeth. The inferior border provides a groove for the facial artery. Compare maxilla. mandibular, adj.
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Mandible

mandible

The lower jaw bone. The joint where the mandible meets the upper jaw at the temporal bone is called the temporomandibular joint.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bĕl) [TA]
A U-shaped bone, forming the lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with the temporal bone on either side.
Synonym(s): jaw bone, mandibula, submaxilla.
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LEFT LATERAL VIEW OF MANDIBLE

mandible

(man′dĭ-bĕl) [L. mandibula, lower jawbone]
The horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw.
See: illustrationmandibular (-dib′yŭ-lăr), adjective

mandible

The lower jaw bone. The head of the mandible, on either side, articulates with a hollow on the underside of the temporal bone, just in front of the ear. This is called the temporo-mandibular joint. The mandible is pulled upwards by powerful masticatory muscles. In dislocation of the mandible, the heads slip forward out of the hollows in the temporal bone and the mouth remains wide open until the dislocation is reduced by downward pressure on the back teeth.

mandible

that part of the mouthparts of an animal which does most of the crushing of food materials. In vertebrates, the term usually denotes the lower jaw. In insects and other arthropods, the mandibles are one of a pair of mouthparts used for crushing food (see Fig. 197 ).

Mandible

The medical term for the lower jaw. One type of oral appliance used to treat OSA pushes the mandible forward in order to ease breathing during sleep.

man·di·ble

(man'di-bĕl) [TA]
U-shaped bone (in superior view), forming lower jaw, articulating by its upturned extremities with temporal bone on either side.
Synonym(s): jaw bone, lower jaw, mandibulum, submaxilla.

mandible,

n the lower jawbone.
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The mandible.
mandible, inferior,
n the border of the lower edge of the mandible. Begins anterior to the insertion of the masseter muscle at the inferior surface of the angles of the mandible and is continuous anteriorly with the incisor region.
mandible, movements of,
mandible, posture of,
n the physiologic rest position, or the rest vertical relation of the mandible.

mandible

the horseshoe-shaped bone forming the lower jaw.
Consists of a central body, which forms the chin and supports the lower teeth, and two vertical or perpendicular rami, which point upward from the back of the chin on either side and articulate with the temporal bones by their condylar processes. The rami end as coronoid processes. In ruminants and carnivores the mandible is permanently divided into two halves by the mandibular symphysis, a joint that allows some rotation.
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Lateral view of the dog mandible. By permission from Aspinall V, O'Reilly M, Introduction to Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology, Butterworth Heinemann, 2004

swollen mandible
generally enlarged due to osteodystrophia in horses and pigs; localized enlargement in actinomycosis of jaw in cattle, bone neoplasm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coronal and sagittal cuts were oriented parallel to the long axis of the mandible, and then cuts were obtained at 0.
Juvenile psammomatoid ossifying fibroma involving mandible is a rare benign locally aggressive lesion.
The mandibular stumps were rounded and the soft tissue on the lingual surface of the mandible was folded rostrally over the exposed mandible and closed with simple, interrupted, 2-0 polyglycolic acid sutures.
Reflex releasing splint can be vital diagnostic tool which can help in progressive treatment planning by deprogramming the muscles of mastication and allowing the mandible to attain SP thereby unraveling the true nature of malocclusion which can be the key to long-term stability.
List of landmarks recorded on dorsal view of skull and on the lateral side of the mandible.
The mandible is a key anatomical structure from both functional and aesthetic perspective.
Second, the complex anatomy of the mandible, such as the numerous trabeculae, the double-layered cortex, and the teeth roots, may interfere with the radioopaque shadowing of the image for the visualization and identification of the foramina.
Calibration was performed using mandible samples other than those used in the study.
There are many advantages in using a fibula flap in mandible reconstruction.
The mandible was most frequently affected by BOC, accounting for 70 (83.
Fractures of mandible in caprines is comparatively rare.
Through the surgery, doctors have achieved proper occlusion (meeting of the jaws in perfect position to enable chewing) because of the titanium reconstruction of the mandible.