mammoplasty


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Related to mammoplasty: Reduction mammoplasty

mammaplasty

 [mam´ah-plas″te]
plastic surgery of the breast; called also mammoplasty.
augmentation mammaplasty plastic surgery to increase the size of the female breast, or sometimes to uplift pendulous breasts. It can be done for purely cosmetic purposes, as when a woman wants larger breasts, or following mastectomy to replace surgically removed tissue (see reconstructive mammaplasty).
reconstructive mammaplasty breast reconstruction after mastectomy, done as an alternative to breast forms and specially designed brassieres to achieve a more normal appearance of the breast. If this procedure is chosen, it is usually considered to be just one stage in the total plan of treatment for breast cancer. It has both a psychologic and physiologic impact on the patient. Criteria used to determine whether reconstructive surgery is appropriate postmastectomy include the amount of tissue remaining after mastectomy, e.g., pectoral muscles, skin, and nipple; the probability of recurrent metastatic disease; appearance and size of the unoperated breast; and size and angle of the mastectomy scar. Adjuvant cancer therapy with radiation does not necessarily preclude additional plastic breast surgery.
reduction mammaplasty plastic surgery to reduce the size of the female breast. Physical and psychological problems that may be amenable to this include fatigue or a dragging sensation caused by the weight of the breasts, breast tenderness and discomfort, and difficulty obtaining adequate support even with a sturdy brassiere. Psychological stress can result from embarrassment over deep grooves created by the shoulder straps of brassieres, fear of ridicule, and difficulty in finding suitable clothing. Reduction mammaplasty usually involves removal of excess breast tissue by way of a curved incision under the breast. The skin is pulled taut and the nipple transplanted to its normal position in the center of the newly formed breast. After surgery the patient may need help in adjusting to a new body image. If she is of childbearing age she should be informed that normal lactation is no longer possible after this procedure.

mam·ma·plas·ty

(mam'ă-plas'tē),
Plastic surgery of the breast to alter its shape, size, or position, usually for cosmetic purposes, to correct congenital anomalies, relieve symptoms (that is, from macromastia), or correct deformities resulting from cancer, burns, or trauma.
Synonym(s): mammoplasty, mastoplasty
[L. mamma, breast, + G. plastos, formed]

mammoplasty

/mam·mo·plas·ty/ (mam´ah-plas″te) mammaplasty.

mammoplasty

or

mammaplasty

(măm′ə-plăs′tē)
n. pl. mammoplas·ties
Reconstructive or plastic surgery of the breast.

mammoplasty

[mam′əplas′tē]
Etymology: L, mamma + Gk, plassein, to mold
plastic reshaping of the breasts, performed to reduce or lift large or sagging breasts, to enlarge small breasts, or to reconstruct a breast after removal of a tumor. To reduce the size of the breasts and raise them, excess tissue is removed from the underside of the breasts. The breast is then lifted, and the nipple drawn through an opening in an overhanging skin flap. To enlarge a breast, a saline-filled or silicone gel prosthesis is inserted in a pocket formed beneath the breast on the chest wall. The complications after surgery are infection and, with the use of foreign body implants, rejection by tissues. The nurse observes the nipples for signs of vascular insufficiency or congestion, applies a firm supporting breast binder or brassiere, and instructs the patient to limit use of her arms to lift herself.

mammoplasty

Any form of cosmetic (plastic) surgery to the breast. Mammoplasty is performed because the breasts are perceived to be too small, sagging or too large, or require reconstruction after breast cancer.

mammoplasty

Surgery Any form of surgery to the breast. See Augmentation mammoplasty, Breast implants, Mastopexy, Reduction mammoplasty.

mam·ma·plas·ty

(mam'ă-plas-tē)
Surgical procedure of the breast to alter its shape, size, or position, or all in combination.
Synonym(s): mammoplasty, mastoplasty.
[L. mamma, breast, + G. plastos, formed]

mammoplasty

Plastic surgery on the breasts. Surgery to increase the bulk is called augmentation mammoplasty; surgery to make breasts smaller is called reduction mammoplasty. When breasts have been removed for cancer, breast reconstruction is possible.

Mammoplasty

Surgery performed to change the size of breasts.

mammoplasty

plastic surgery of the breast.
References in periodicals archive ?
In cases of congenital symmastia with macromastia, reduction mammoplasty is a very useful surgical method because it reduces the breast volume and simultaneously removes the lower web-like tissue with ease.
Crikelair and Malton [4] published the first reported case of occult carcinoma discovered during reduction mammoplasty in 1959.
One way of resolving this conflict is to use plastic surgery techniques such as remodeling mammoplasty to reshape the breast immediately following lumpectomy with contralateral symmetrisation.
Breast cancer following augmentation mammoplasty (United States).
Certain cosmetic plastic surgical procedures outside of the face such as abdominoplasty (tummy tuck), liposuction, and augmentation and reduction mammoplasty (breast reduction) usually require general anesthesia.
True juvenile hypertrophy is rare and should be treated by reduction mammoplasty after development has finished.
Nine surgical chapters detail procedures including reduction mammoplasty, lateral thoracic flaps, nipple sparing mastectomy and reconstruction, repair of the partial mastectomy defect with the latissimus dorsi flap, and staged-immediate free tissue transfer.
Caneer risk at sites other than the breast following augmentation mammoplasty.
The case involved an augmentation mammoplasty procedure that resulted in silicone leakage.
These problems can be severe enough to inhibit females from participating in physical activity (Lorentzen and Lawson 1987, Mason et al 1999, Gehlsen and Albohm 1980) and can cause females with large breasts to seek reduction mammoplasty (Greenbaum et al 2003, BeLieu 1994, Ryan 2000, Wilson and Sellwood 1976, Maha 2000).