1988) Excellent patency and growth potential of internal mammary artery
grafts in pediatric coronary artery bypass surgery.
Fallacy of thoracic side-branch steal from the internal mammary artery
: analysis of left internal mammary artery
coronary flow during thoracic side-branch occlusion with pharmacologic and exercise-induced hyperemia.
Keywords: CABG, Internal mammary artery
, Post-operative complications, IMA flow.
Artery n-number of isolated cases Right intercostobronchial 157 (93) Right bronchial 45 (19) Left bronchial 55 (23) Common bronchial 97 (56) Right intercostal 36 (4) Left intercostal 28 (7) Right internal mammary artery
9 (1) Left internal mammary artery
23 (9) Right lateral thoracic 6 (0) Left lateral thoracic 16 (1) Right cervicothoracic 4 (1) Left cervicothoracic 10 (5) Right inferior phrenic 8 (4) Left inferior phrenic 1 (1) Artery with variant anatomy 5 (2) Anomalous artery 2 (2) Table 4: Comparison of outcome of bronchial artery embolization in various studies.
The left internal mammary artery
is the best choice in cardiac surgery to revascularize the left anterior descending artery.
There is a stenosis of the proximal portion of the subclavian artery resulting in reversal of flow in an internal mammary artery
graft and subsequent ischemia in the territory it supplies.
Internal mammary artery
angiography should be routine component of diagnostic coronary angiography.
Should Bilateral Internal Mammary Artery
Grafts Be Used For Coronary Artery Surgery?
The MIRA-i CS Retractor offers both titanium internal mammary artery
(IMA) blades, which attach to any table-based retractor system.
In our patient, an internal mammary artery
(IMA) graft was not used because there were advanced fibrotic changes and calcification in the aorta and its major branches.
A third element of using an Internal Mammary artery
conduit completes the triad which is termed " Triple Heart Therapy " .
Many interventional cardiologists have dismissed the results of BARI and other smaller studies favoring CABG as irrelevant in-the contemporary era of much-improved PCI techniques and drug-eluting stents, even though the current joint AHA/American College of Cardiology/Society for Coronary Angiography and Interventions guidelines state as a class IIa recommendation that "it is reasonable" to choose CABG with left internal mammary artery
grafting over PCI in diabetic patients with multivessel disease.