2011), which breaks a-1, 4 glycoside bonds in amylose and amylopectin converting these into glucose, maltose and maltotriose
amylophilus in the present study, hydrolyze starch with the production of intracellular amylase to glucose, maltose, maltotriose
, and maltotetraose .
Diminishing enzyme synthesis is consistent with lower maltose and maltotriose
release at high temperatures.
Another recent example is the biopolymers alloy of amaranth protein isolate (API) with pullulan , a polysaccharide consisting of maltotriose
units, which showed great potential for the encapsulation of bioactive principles in functional food uses.
2] utilization Anaerobic facultative Gram - Endospore - Catalase + Nitrate + Hydrolysis Arginine + Descarboxilation Ornithine - Oxidase + Gelatinase + Assimilation of amino acids as carbon sources L-proline + L-alanine + L-histidine + Dl-lactate + Assimilation of fatty acids as carbon sources Sodium acetate + Gluconic + Propionic - Heptanoic - Aspartic acid - Assimilation of sugars and derivatives as carbon sources D-mannitol + Trehalose + Maltotriose
+ N-acetyl-glucosamine + Myo-inositol + Maltose + D-mannose + D-galactose + Sucrose + Glucose + Arabinose - D-xylose - Acid assimilation of [beta]-hydroxy [beta]-methyl butyrate (HMB) Assimilation of carboxylic acids as carbon sources Azelaic - Sebacic - Suberic - Adipic - Citric - Poritaconic - Urease - Triple-agar sugar iron + Table 3.
1) are enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of internal [alpha]-l,4-glycosidic linkages in low molecular weight starches, such as glucose, maltose, and maltotriose
1) are the enzymes that are extra-cellular and hydrolyze internal 1, 4-glycosidiclinkages in starch to give up low molecular weight yield, such glucose, maltose and maltotriose
By acting at random locations along the starch chain a-amylase breaks down long- chain carbohydrates ultimately yielding maltotriose
and maltose from amylase or maltose glucose and limit dextrin" from amylopectin by an endoacting hydrolytic mechanism thereby making it amenable to the action of amyloglucosidase for saccharification to reducing sugar [2 3].
1) are extracellular endo enzymes that randomly cleave the 1,4-a linkage between adjacent glucose units in the linear amylase chain and ultimately generate glucose, maltose, and maltotriose
For the qualification and quantification of the saccharides, the HPLC chromatograms of the samples were compared to those of commercial standards of fructose, glucose, saccharose, turanose, maltose, trehalose, erlose, melezitose, raffinose, maltotriose
, D-mannitol and acetic acid permitted decreased biofilm formation by the mutant.
Isolates were identified through gram staining, KOH reaction, catalase test and gas production from glucose, trehalose, sucrose, mannitol, fructose, maltotriose
, arabinose, lactose and raffinose.