The functional consequence of syndesmotic joint malreduction
at a minimum 2-year follow-up, J Orthop Trauma 26: 439-43.
The effect of fibular malreduction
on contact pressures in an ankle fracture malunion model.
2,4,11,26,27) ORIF allows for anatomic reduction, which prevents the development of radiographic arthritis associated with malreduction
12,13 However, the medullary canal of the subtrochanteric area in the femur is broad and the proximal fragment is relatively short, which means that malreduction
can occur easily.
3 Now it has been established that it is because of malreduction
of the fracture.
However, there is still controversy over what amount of malreduction
affects clinical outcomes.
Garden RS: Malreduction
and avascular necrosis in subcapital fractures of the femur.
Only recently has much attention been paid to the problem of malreduction
of Supracondylar fractures of humerus in children.
11) A head shaft angle less than 130[degrees] on initial postoperative x-rays was considered a varus malreduction
and on final radiographs as a varus malunion.
22,25) Nonetheless, the surgeon should be aware of the possibility of malreduction
if submeniscal fracture lines are not adequately visualized.
The outcome is usually poor with high rates of complications, such as wound problems, infections, varus collapse, knee stiffness, and articular malreduction
was defined as an intraarticular step-off of 2 mm or greater, or a malalignment in the frontal or sagittal plane of greater than 5[degrees].