malic acid


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cycle

 [si´k'l]
a succession or recurring series of events.
cardiac cycle a complete cardiac movement, or heart beat, including systole, diastole, and the intervening pause.
Cardiac cycle. From Applegate, 2000.
cell cycle the cycle of biochemical and morphological events occurring in a reproducing cell population; it consists of the S phase, occurring toward the end of interphase, in which DNA is synthesized; the G2 phase, a relatively quiescent period; the M phase, consisting of the four phases of mitosis; and the G1 phase of interphase, which lasts until the S phase of the next cycle.
citric acid cycle tricarboxylic acid cycle.
estrous cycle the recurring periods of estrus in adult females of most mammalian species and the correlated changes in the reproductive tract from one period to another.
hair cycle the successive phases of the production and then loss of hair, consisting of anagen, catagen, and telogen.
menstrual cycle see menstrual cycle.
ovarian cycle the sequence of physiologic changes in the ovary involved in ovulation; see also ovulation and reproduction.
reproductive cycle the cycle of physiologic changes in the reproductive organs, from the time of fertilization of the ovum through gestation and childbirth; see also reproduction.
sex cycle (sexual cycle)
1. the physiologic changes that recur regularly in the reproductive organs of nonpregnant female mammals.
2. the period of sexual reproduction in an organism that also reproduces asexually.
tricarboxylic acid cycle the cyclic metabolic mechanism by which the complete oxidation of the acetyl portion of acetyl-coenzyme A is effected; the process is the chief source of mammalian energy, during which carbon chains of sugars, fatty acids, and amino acids are metabolized to yield carbon dioxide, water, and high-energy phosphate bonds. Called also citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, and TCA cycle.
 Central pathways of metabolism: How the body produces energy from the energy-containing nutrients using the tricarboxylic acid cycle. From Davis and Sherer, 1994.
urea cycle a cyclic series of reactions that produce urea; it is a major route for removal of the ammonia produced in the metabolism of amino acids in the liver and kidney.

mal·ic ac·id

(mal'ik as'id),
Hydroxysuccinic acid; found in apples and various other tart fruits; an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, and the glyoxylate cycle, and in the malate-aspartate shuttle system.

malic acid

/mal·ic ac·id/ (mal´ik) a crystalline acid from the juices of many fruits and plants and an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.

mal·ic ac·id

(mal'ik as'id)
Hydroxysuccinic acid; found in apples and various other tart fruits; an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle, the glyoxylate cycle, and in a shuttle system.

malic acid

A drug used to clean external wounds and ulcers and remove dead tissue. A brand name is Aserbine.
Malic acidclick for a larger image
Fig. 215 Malic acid . Molecular structure.

malic acid

or

malate

a four-carbon organic acid which is an intermediate step in the KREBS CYCLE, formed by the HYDROLYSIS of fumaric acid (see Fig. 215 ). Malic acid is also important in C4 PLANTS (such as sugar cane), in which carbon is ‘captured’ from CO2 to form malic acid and other C4 acids in MESOPHYLL cells, before being transferred to the CALVIN CYCLE taking place in the CHLOROPLASTS of special cells nearby. see KRANZ ANATOMY.

malic acid

a compound that is found in the juices of many fruits and plants, and is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle.
References in periodicals archive ?
TABLE 3--Total content of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), soluble solids, pH, total acidity, tartaric acid and malic acid in the grape must in grapevines subjected to the application of organic compost and urea.
The global market for malic acid is around 60,000 tonnes per year with a value of $130m and a growth rate of 4 percent per year.
Considering the organic acid contents of the examined cultivars, the content of malic acid was identified to be
Also citric acid and malic acid will be partially broken down during the process.
may be mainly attributed to the conversion of the more reactive neutral species of malic acid to less reactive protonated form.
moistened pomace, with the significant differences between the two in humidity, lipid content, and malic acid calculated using ANOVA ([F.
A combination of an electrostatic spray of 2% tartaric acid and 2% grape seed extract, and a spray of 2% malic acid and 2% grape seed extract led to more reductions in bacterial log numbers--3.
5-hour Energy, for example, uses a blend of B vitamins -- vitamin B6, vitamin B12 in conjunction with niacin (vitamin B3), and folic acid (vitamin B9) -- and a combination of the amino acids tyrosine, phenylalanine, taurine, malic acid and glucuronolactone.
Among them were sugar, glucose, sodium bicarbonate, malic acid, citric acid, flavourings and colourings, but they exploded nonetheless - a sour fizz bursting through a casing of synthetic fruit.
12], niacin and folie acid--and also provides an energy blend of several ingredients, including tyrosine, phenylalanine, malic acid and caffeine.
Micro-encapsulated CapsuDar Malic Acid allows for slow release of sour flavours.