malabsorption


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Related to malabsorption: malabsorption syndrome

malabsorption

 [mal″ab-sorp´shun]
impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.
malabsorption syndrome a group of disorders marked by subnormal intestinal absorption of dietary constituents, and thus excessive loss of nutrients in the stool; it may be due to a digestive defect, a mucosal abnormality, or lymphatic obstruction.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn),
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.

malabsorption

/mal·ab·sorp·tion/ (mal″ab-sorp´shun) impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.

malabsorption

(măl′əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

malabsorption

[mal′əbsôrp′shən]
Etymology: L, malus + absorbere, to swallow
impaired absorption of nutrients from the GI tract. It occurs in celiac disease, sprue, dysentery, diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, and other disorders. It may result from an inborn error of metabolism, malnutrition, or any chemical or anatomical condition of the digestive system that prevents normal absorption. See also inborn error of metabolism, malnutrition.

malabsorption

The suboptimal absorption of nutrients from the GI tract.

Clinical findings
Bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.
 
Aetiology
Cystic fibrosis (number one cause in US), abetalipoproteinaemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin (cow's milk protein) intolerance, coeliac disease (gluten-induced enteropathy), sprue, juvenile pernicious anaemia, lactose intolerance, parasites (Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis), soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption.

malabsorption

GI disease A group of Sx–eg, gas, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea due to the inability to properly absorb nutrients Etiology Cystic fibrosis–number one cause in US, abetalipoproteinemia, acrodermatitis enteropathica, biliary atresia, bovine lactalbumin intolerance–cow's milk protein, celiac disease–gluten-induced-enteropathy, sprue, juvenile pernicious anemia, lactose intolerance, parasites–Diphyllobothrium latum, Giardia lamblia, Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, soy milk protein intolerance, vitamin B12 malabsorption

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect, inadequate, or otherwise disordered gastrointestinal absorption.

malabsorption

One of a number of disorders in which there is a failure of movement of some of the elements of the diet from the small intestine into the bloodstream so that MALNUTRITION may occur in spite of an adequate diet. See LACTASE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME, COELIAC DISEASE, STEATORRHOEA, RICKETS and OSTEOMALACIA.

Malabsorption

Defective or inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

malabsorption

impaired absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract. Causes include disease of the small intestine or surgical removal of a major part of it, and lack of digestive enzymes or bile salts.

malabsorption,

n improper absorption of nutrients, characterized by deficiency of carbohydrates, fats, minerals, proteins, and vitamins and excess fat in the stool.

mal·ab·sorp·tion

(mal'ab-sōrp'shŭn)
Imperfect or disordered gastrointestinal absorption.

malabsorption

impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.

fat malabsorption
malabsorption syndrome
a group of disorders marked by subnormal intestinal absorption of dietary constituents, and thus excessive loss of nutrients in the stool, with chronic diarrhea and weight loss; it may be due to a digestive defect, a mucosal abnormality, or lymphatic obstruction. A common disease in dogs and a major part of some of the enteric diseases of food animals. It is the pathogenesis of the diarrheas of trichostrongylosis of sheep and cattle, of the viral diarrheas of pigs and the undifferentiated chronic diarrheas of horses.
References in periodicals archive ?
12] malabsorption show similar variation, one study showing increased serum [B.
Radiographic signs secondary to metabolic effects of malabsorption include osteopenia, compression fractures, and Looser's zones (insufficiency) fractures.
Because IBD usually causes malabsorption problems, it would be prudent for patients to carefully monitor their vitamin-mineral content.
Malabsorption of oral antibiotics in pregnancy after gastric bypass surgery.
Regarding lab tests, he orders a complete blood count to look for myeloma or malabsorption of iron, vitamin B12, and folate.
Azizi F, Belur R, Albano J: Malabsorption of levothyroxine after jejunoileal bypass for obesity.
The study evaluated the percentage of "responders," or those patients without excess fat in stools and without signs and symptoms of malabsorption after one and two weeks of treatment.
Only one-half or fewer of low cobalamin concentrations are explained by malabsorption of either free or food-bound cobalamin, and dietary insufficiency is uncommon even among the elderly (2-6).
A total of 64 (32%) of the women were found to have previously undetected and treatable metabolic disorders, including hypercalciuria, intestinal malabsorption, hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D deficiency, and hyperthyroidism.
Liprotamase is a novel, oral, non-porcine PERT designed to treat maldigestion, malabsorption and malnutrition as a result of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency associated with CF, chronic pancreatitis (CP), pancreatic cancer, pancreatectomy and other pancreatic conditions.
y Hypophosphatemia, in which the body contains an abnormally low level of phosphorus, may occur in some forms ofs of kidney disease and malabsorption syndrome (coeliac disease).