magnesium chloride


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magnesium

 (Mg) [mag-ne´ze-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 12, atomic weight 24.312. (See Appendix 6.) Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is found in the intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in urine and feces. The normal serum level is approximately 2 mEq/L. Magnesium deficiency causes irritability of the nervous system with tetany, vasodilation, convulsions, tremors, depression, and psychotic behavior.
Homeostasis of magnesium in extracellular fluids. The normal serum magnesium level is regulated by intestinal and renal function. Most of the body's magnesium is stored in bones, muscle, and soft tissue. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
magnesium carbonate an antacid.
magnesium chloride an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutic necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.
magnesium citrate a saline laxative used for bowel evacuation before diagnostic procedures or surgery of the colon; administered orally.
magnesium hydroxide an antacid and cathartic.
magnesium oxide an antacid and a sorbent in pharmaceutical preparations; called also magnesia.
magnesium salicylate see salicylate.
magnesium silicate MgSiO3, a silicate salt of magnesium; the most common hydrated forms found in nature are asbestos and talc.
magnesium sulfate Epsom salt; an anticonvulsant and electrolyte replenisher, also used as a laxative and local antiinflammatory.
magnesium trisilicate a combination of magnesium oxide and silicon dioxide with varying proportions of water; used as a gastric antacid.

magnesium chloride

an electrolyte replenisher and a pharmaceutical necessity for hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis fluids.

magnesium chloride

MgCl2·6H2; used in treating electrolyte disturbances and in dialysis solutions.
CAS # 7786-30-3
See also: magnesium

magnesium

a chemical element, atomic number 12, atomic weight 24.312, symbol Mg. See Table 6. Its salts are essential in nutrition, being required for the activity of many enzymes, especially those concerned with oxidative phosphorylation. It is found in the intra- and extracellular fluids and is excreted in urine and feces.

magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP)
a common constituent of urinary calculi. See urolithiasis.
blood magnesium
level of magnesium in the blood.
magnesium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium oxide, magnesium phosphate, magnesium trisilicate
compounds used as antacids.
magnesium chloride
used as a source of magnesium in the treatment of hypomagnesemia in cattle, and as a chemical defibrillator in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
magnesium citrate
a mild cathartic.
magnesium gluconate
a magnesium replenisher.
magnesium nutritional deficiency
is most important in the part that it plays in lactation tetany in ruminants. It also causes deformities of the limbs and nervous signs of tremor and convulsions in pigs. See also lactation tetany (1).
magnesium salicylate
the magnesium salt of salicylic acid used as an antiarthritic.
magnesium silicate
talcum powder; capable of causing starch granulomatous peritonitis if introduced into the peritoneal cavity, so it has been superseded by other compounds for use on surgeon's gloves.
magnesium sulfate
Epsom salts; used as an electrolyte replenisher, cathartic and local anti-inflammatory.
magnesium sulfate-chloral hydrate mixture
see chloral hydrate and magnesium sulfate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Safe Step Power 5300 Max Blend contains a blend of magnesium chloride and calcium chloride to quickly melt ice on contact, down to minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit.
The resultant titanium has the form of a sponge (reaction) mass in which the pores are filled with magnesium chloride and unused magnesium.
We had materials stockpiled and we had people start coming in the Sunday before it hit to lay down the magnesium chloride and start working 24-hour shifts.
One company makes a de-icer called Magic-0, a mixture of beer by-products and magnesium chloride.
Magnesium chloride granules are melted in an electrolyte and treated by a chlorination process, which involves the injection of gaseous acid.
During regeneration, the calcium chloride and magnesium chloride in the resin are drained into sewer lines.
Although there are dozens of deicing products currently on the market, nearly all of them contain one or more of the following chemicals: calcium chloride, sodium chloride (rock salt), magnesium chloride, potassium chloride, and urea.
TM] CI-2000 magnesium chloride ice control agent with an improved corrosion inhibitor is considered 70 percent less corrosive than salt, based on independent testing, says the company.
The Dow technology uses the electrolytic process for the production of magnesium from magnesium chloride.
States, counties and municipalities could save millions of dollars in concrete repair costs annually--and benefit from safer, more effectively cleared pavement surfaces--by switching to magnesium chloride as a winter de-icer, according to IMC Salt, a leading manufacturer of deicers.
Another is the reaction of magnesium chloride with sodium hydroxide.
Magnesium Chloride (CAS 7786-30-3) Market Research Report 2012 presents comprehensive data on magnesium chloride markets globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America etc.