The Human T-cell Lymphotropic
viruses (HTLV) are a group of human retroviruses known to cause diseases such as adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (a rare form of blood cancer) and inflammation of the nerves in the spinal cord (myelopathy), as well as other conditions.
A novel human polyomavirus closely related to the African green monkey-derived lymphotropic
Primary T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract associated with human T-cell lymphotropic
virus type I: an analysis using in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction.
Absence of replication of porcine endogenous retrovirus and porcine lymphotropic
herpesvirus type 1 with prolonged pig cell microchimerism after pig-to-baboon xenotransplantation.
Another noteworthy viral infection is the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is caused by human T-cell lymphotropic
virus type III (HTLV-III), and is a potentially devastating disease of childhood.
It is not advisable for one or more of the following conditions: infant diagnosed with galactosemia; infant whose mother has been infected with HIV, is taking antiretroviral medications, has untreated active tuberculosis, is using or dependent on illicit drugs; has been prescribed cancer chemotherapy agents; or is infected with human T-cell lymphotropic
virus type 1 or 2.
Human T-cell lymphotropic
virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma in a patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).
Infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and human T-cell lymphotropic
viruses among leprosy patients and contacts: Correlation between HIV-1 cross reactivity and antibodies to lipoamhinomanuan.
In 1983 and 1984, scientists at the Institute Pasteur in Paris and the National Institutes of Health in the United States identified and isolated the cause of AIDS: Human T-cell Lymphotropic
Virus, Type III (HTLV-III), or Lymphadenopathy-Associated Virus (LAV).
Human T lymphotropic
virus, type-1 myelopathy: an immunopathologically mediated chronic progressive disease of the central nervous system.
3) Complicated infection typically affects those with altered immune responses and occurs with malnutrition, high dose corticosteroid therapy, anti-cancer therapy, transplant therapy, malignancies, congenital immunodeficiencies and infections with human T -cell lymphotropic
virus type 1 (HTLV 1), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
In humans, molecular and immunologic assays can not only detect human T-cell lymphotropic
virus type 1 (HTLV-1) in the malignant cells of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) but, preceding the development of ATLL, detect the virus in lymphocytes as well as serum antibodies to HTLV-1 (Blattner and Charurat 2005; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1993).