9) These authors defined a complication as the occurrence of one of six classes of events stemming from the graft itself: hemorrhage requiring reoperation, lymphocele
requiring intervention, infection of any kind in the surgical site, complications of the ureter or ureteric anastamosis, vascular anastomosis complications, and neighboring organ injury.
Management of urinary tract infections and lymphocele
in renal transplant recipients.
sup] reported that there were no statistically significant differences in bleeding, anastomotic stenosis, lymphocele
, and wound dehiscence between MIKT and CKD groups.
4] A case of lymphocele
with lymphatic collection in inguinoscrotal region and upper thigh.
Apart from perinephric hematoma, authors have suggested APK with seroma or urinoma [2, 5], with postsurgical lymphocele
, perinephric tumors , and postextracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy .
Differential diagnoses are numerous, including cystic lymphangioma, mucinous cystadenoma, cystic teratoma, cystic mesothelioma, mullerian cyst, epidermoid cyst, tailgut cyst, bronchogenic cyst, cystic changes in a solid neoplasm, pseudomyxoma retroperitoneal, perianal mucinous carcinoma, pancreatic pseudocyst, lymphocele
, urinoma, hematoma, cystadenoma of mesonephric origin, and cavernous hemangioma Dinesh .
Different causes of urinary obstruction in kidney transplants may include ischemia to distal ureteral segment, injury, stones, crossing vessels, lymphocele
, or ureteral kinking .
This study showed no significant difference in terms of surgical morbidity except for the blood transfusion, operative time and lymphocele
formation which were higher in advanced stage group.
Although dyslipidemia, thrombocytopenia, and lymphocele
occur relatively often after sirolimus therapy, the development of lymphedema associated with sirolimus is a rare complication (2).
Late urinary complications were defined as occurring from 31 to 365 days following surgery and included bladder neck obstruction, urethral stricture, intestinal fistula, lymphocele
, and definitive incontinence repair.
These sclerosing agents are thought to work by ablating the endothelial cells of the disrupted lymphatic feeding into the lymphocele
decrease in lymph fluid production and eventually leading to collapse of the cyst6.
This code would be used if the patient had an abscess, hematoma, seroma, lymphocele
, or cyst that was drained percutaneously.